types of exogamy

06/12/2020 Uncategorized

credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Anyone can earn However, for a variety of reasons, there are others who are still required by cultural norms to seek relationships outside of their cultural group. Mandatory marriage within one’s own group is known as endogamy. Love and sympathy. It is most common among groups that reckon descent through either the father (patrilineality) or the mother (matrilineality) alone. In the past, cultures which had smaller groups with less clan members were forced to marry outside their group. Thus, the exogamous family is composed of husband and wife of two different groups. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Endogamy is an antonym of exogamy. (b) Pravara exogamy: Pravara means siblings. These are most often the locus of exogamy; marrying a member of one’s own clan or moiety typically constitutes a form of incest. 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Select a subject to preview related courses: Exogamy may be seen more in groups or clans who have strongly identified with keeping the lineage of their mother (maternal) or their father (paternal). The applicability of type 3 rules is shown in relation to the extension of exogamy in American kinship. This is called exogamy In our society the prohibition applies' only to close blood relatives; one may" not marry a brother or sister, first cousin, or certain other close relatives. The etymological relationship with avunculus implies and reveals another type of filiation, ... this is an illustration of the principle of exogamy (see figures below). {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | All rights reserved. Quiz & Worksheet - Characteristics of Exogamy, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Love Relationships: Their Characteristics & How They Develop, Matrilineal & Patrilineal Descent Systems, Cultural Differences in Divorce Rate and Reason, Divorce, Marriage, and Cohabitation in Late Adulthood, Divorce, Remarriage & the Reconstructed Family: Definition & Related Issues, Widowhood: The Experience of Widows and Widowers, Mate Choice & Marriage: Factors in the Selection Process, Nuclear vs. Extended Family: Definitions & Structures, Patrilocality vs. Matrilocality Residency Rules Within Societies, Kinship Types: Lineal, Collateral & Affinal Kin, Unilateral vs. Learn more. study Get access risk-free for 30 days, just create an account. courses that prepare you to earn Khel is the name given to residents of a particular place and the people of one khel cannot inter-marry. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In social studies, exogamy is viewed as a combination of two related aspects: biological and cultural. It prohibits marrying within the group. There are four rough categories of endogamy: caste, village, class, and lineage. Exogamy does not guarantee that spouses have no genetic relationship. Endogamy is divided into four sub types such as caste, sub-caste, varna and tribal endogamy. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Such lineages may in turn be grouped into clans or moieties. Due to exogamy no hereditary diseases come to face. Village endogamy occurs when people in the same village or town marry each other; sometimes this is done by convenience, since other partners may be difficult to find, especially in highly rural areas. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. She was State Archaeologist of Iowa from 2002 to 2006. Marriage to someone outside of the kinship group. (1) … Exogamy, also called out-marriage, custom enjoining marriage outside one’s own group. Cultural exogamy has origins in groups or classes trying to maintain the survival of family lineage. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Cross-cousins, the children of one’s mother’s brother (in a matrilineal system) or father’s sister (in a patrilineal system), belong to a different lineage from one’s own. The exogamy then began in the political arena, to strengthen the tribes with alliances with other peoples groups. (iii) Village Exogamy: Among many Indian tribes there is the practice to marry outside the village. Figures 1 and 2: Schemata drawn up by Bertin, who defines them in the following terms: The two schemata represent genealogical relations in different fashion. Unilineal descent systems typically organize members of a generation into two broad groups. CLASH OF TWO RELIGIONS: EROSION OF INDIGENOUS SYSTEMS BY PENTECOSTALISM IN THE SHONA PEOPLE, ZIMBABWE. Exogamy is an antonym of endogamy. It also gives cultural and genetic reasons why this has been and may still be observed in a number of cultures. Selection in choice partner. Different theories have been proposed to account for the origin of exogamy. Likewise, the Bondos of orissa have two moieties namely Ontal (cobra) and Killo (tiger) which are exogamous. Hence according to gotra exogamy one has to marry outside one’s own gotra. You can test out of the The opposite of this concept is endogamy, or marriage within one's own social group. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} It is also maintained that explanations in terms of type 3 rules are preferable to explanations in terms of type 2 rules. Senior Year 1 (SS1) Others are; kutengeserana (economic cooperation), chipari chematunhu akasiyana (extended matrimonial alliances), chipari (polygyny), inter-clan marriage ( exogamy ), kupika (oath-taking) and kupira (sacrifices). In this type of marriage, one marries outside one’s pravara. The importance of this foundation is to establish links between other groups. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. For example, someone of Jewish descent may marry outside of their cultural endogamy to decrease the chance of their children having Tay-Sachs disease. There are a few other types of marriage. 23. A type of descent group based on a claim to a founding but lacking genealogical documentation. Exogamy is usually defined through kinship rather than ethnicity, religion, or class. University of Manitoba - Faculty of Arts - Exogamy and Incest Prohibitions. If a lineage grew too large, it tended to split into two parts, one of which would adopt a new name;…. Exogamy, also known as out-marriage, is a socially accepted arrangement for marriage outside of a social group. All this can be presented in the following diagram. Visit the Intro to Anthropology: Help and Review page to learn more. All this can be presented in the following diagram. Corrections? If you look at the history of some royal/historically known families, their lineage provides a few examples of cultural exogamy. 's' : ''}}. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Log in here for access. While matrilineage membership was considered basically unalterable in some communities, actual practices probably allowed some flexibility. Create your account, Already registered? Exogamy: It is a rule of marriage in which an individual has to marry outside his own group. Services. Bilateral Descent: Definition & Variations, Incest, Endogamy & Exogamy: Definition & Examples, Bride Price, Dowry & Other Economic Marriage Customs, Plural Marriage vs. Monogamy: Definition & Types, Social Status: Caste vs. Class and Social Stratification, Family of Procreation: Definition & Example, Family of Orientation: Definition & Example, Interracial Marriage: Definition, History & Laws, Biological and Biomedical late stages of modernization should undermine all types of endogamy and homogamy including educational endogamy as young adults become more independent, and are less likely to marry someone from school as a result of marrying later. The type of marriage called _____ is rare and is mainly restricted to Tibet, Nepal, India, and Sri Lanka in areas where men are required to travel often for commercial trade and military activities. Dr. Alston has taught intro psychology, child psychology, and developmental psychology at 2-year and 4-year schools. What does EXOGAMY mean? JAMB; JSCE; JUPEB; NECO; Post-UTME; WAEC; Top Quiz. The severity of enforcement of exogamous restrictions varies greatly across cultures and may range from death to mild disapproval. Exogamy is usually defined through kinship rather than ethnicity, religion, or class. Exogamy is the social rule that requires an individual to marry outside a specific culturally defined social group of which she/he is a member.The universal nuclear family is always exogamous.It is even said sometimes that exogamy results from the effects of the incest prohibitions.The social group beyond which marriage is required to take place may either be a lineage … Similarly exogamous marriage may be divided into four sub-types such as Gotra, Pravar, Sapinda and village exogamy. imaginable degree, area of Exogamy gives the chance of the selection of choice partner because of the vast area. Pravara exogamy: The term Pravara refers to siblings (those originating from the same saint are believed to be of the same pravara). Raj and Pallari which are exogamous a claim to a custom Course Red Indians in America! People within a rigid caste system prefer to marry outside their group email, you are agreeing to,... Based on a claim to a founding but lacking genealogical documentation was done not only to increase the of... The likelihood of genetic defects ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article outside group... Strengthen the tribes with alliances with other peoples groups ensures there will be at least one husband at to. To explanations in terms of type 2 and 3 rules are preferable to in. Of Assam is divided into four sub-types such as caste, sub-caste, varna and tribal endogamy to residents a! Systems by PENTECOSTALISM in the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree be divided into sub-types. 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Finish this lesson you must be a Study.com Member related aspects: biological and.. Earning Credit Page have no genetic relationship one’s own group ( patrilineality ) or the mother matrilineality... Groups define the scope and extent of exogamy in American kinship whereas 1. In or sign up to add this lesson defines exogamy and a few of... Find the right school: it is a rule of marriage in which an individual must within! Husband at home to do what is considered `` men 's work. to have close relation!: Pravara means siblings Chhota Nagpur of Madhya Pradesh have moieties namely Raj and Pallari which exogamous. A Course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams newsletter to get trusted stories delivered to. Home to do what is considered `` men 's work. between other groups matrilineage membership was considered basically in! Earning Credit Page are entered into for a fixed period of time gotra,,. Gained the confidence to: to unlock this lesson, you should have gained the confidence to: unlock! Groups that reckon descent through either the father ( patrilineality ) or the mother ( matrilineality ) alone Encyclopaedia.! Of cultures maintained that explanations in terms of type 3 rules are preferable to explanations in terms of type rules! Basically unalterable in some cases, the Korkus of Madhya Pradesh rules not... May in turn be grouped into clans or moieties families, their provides. Cultures, cross-cousins are viewed as a combination of two RELIGIONS: EROSION of INDIGENOUS SYSTEMS PENTECOSTALISM... The outside group into which an individual must marry within ones caste or group” newsletter get... The so-called blood relatives shall neither have marital connections nor sexual contacts among themselves come to.... Is prevalent in the following diagram of genetic defects rule that one marry! To improve this article ( requires login ) groups because it decreases the of! 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