richmond virginia civil war sites

06/12/2020 Uncategorized

Following the secession of Virginia from the Union, the capital of the Confederacy was transferred from Montgomery, Alabama, to Richmond, Virginia. Included (east to west) were J.E.B. Every purchase supports the mission. Top 10 Civil War sites: astounding, heartbreaking history Charles F. Bryan Jr. Dec 4, 2011 Dec 4, 2011 Updated Sep 25, 2019; 0 {{featured_button_text}} 1 of 2 Confederate troops fire at … In addition, the James River and Kanawha Canal ran through it with access to the Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. Over a period of seven days from June 25 to July 1, 1862, Richmond's defensive line of batteries and fortifications set up under General Robert E. Lee, a daring ride around the Union Army by Confederate cavalry under General J.E.B. Although the city sat 105 miles from the Union capital of Washington D.C., Richmond did not fall into Union hands until April 3, 1865. As a result of its proximity to the battlefields of the Eastern Theater and its high level of defense, the city processed many casualties of both sides: as home to numerous hospitals (the largest such being Chimborazo Hospital), prisons (notably Libby Prison, Castle Thunder, and Belle Isle), and various cemeteries. A century and a half later, the Civil War, slavery and emancipation are thoughtfully explored, in a region that embraces important discourse. The park commemorates eleven different sites associated with those campaigns including the battlefields at Gaines' Mill, Malvern Hill, and Cold Harbor. View waymark gallery. A large, stone pyramid dominates the Confederate Soldiers' section, where over 18,000 (many of whom are unknown) Confederates are buried. It was the seat of Jefferson Davis's administration and also the site of Confederate hospitals, factories, and prisons. The foundry made the 723 tons of armor plating that covered the CSS Virginia (the former USS Merrimack), which fought the first battle between ironclad warships in March 1862. The Confederacy also hoped the move would consolidate its hold on the state, since it had difficulty securing other states bordering the Union. Posted by: Don.Morfe. Manassas/Bull Run, Virginia (July 1861) The Confederacy won two important victories—in July 1861 … See the exhibits and watch the introductory film if you have time. Quick Description: From the war's beginning, Confederate authorities struggled with the question of how to defend Richmond. Donations to the Trust are tax deductible to the full extent allowable under the law. By now the Confederate works were heavily manned and the greatest opportunity to capture Petersburg without a siege was lost. The American Civil War Museum actually comprises three sites: The American Civil War Museum at Historic Tredegar and the White House of the Confederacy can both be found in Richmond… The Confederacy hit its high-water mark at the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863. War dead were also buried at Oakwood Cemetery, Shockoe Hill Cemetery, and the Cemetery for Hebrew Confederate Soldiers section of the Hebrew Cemetery. President Lincoln, who had been visiting General Grant and staying nearby at City Point, toured the fallen city (April 4–7) by foot and carriage with his young son Tad, and visited the former White House of the Confederacy and the Virginia State Capitol. Named for the artillery company that defended the spot, Parker's Battery has a … Three of those campaigns came within a few miles of the city. The Civil War was fought on our streets and in our fields, here in what was the Capital of the Confederacy. Richmond's Civil War sites range from hospitals to iron works. Known as the "Cockade City," Petersburg was a vital rail and supply center situated 23 miles south of the Richmond. Answer 1 of 4: My wife and I will be in Richmond in the Fall for three to four days and are interested primarily in Civil War sites, museums, etc. One of the Civil War's most daring prison breaks, the Libby Prison escape, took place in February 1864 when more than 100 Federal captives escaped and fled into the night. What Happened: With snipers on … The majority of battles fought during the Civil War took place in the states of Virginia and Tennessee. Besides being home to the Confederate government, Richmond also played host to Confederate hospitals, Tredegar Iron Works, and the notorious Union prisoner of war camps Libby Prison and Belle Isle. Purchase a touring CD from the bookstore. In the Peninsula Campaign of 1862, General George McClellan moved up the James River, almost to the suburbs of the city, but was beaten back by Robert E. Lee in the Seven Days Battles. As the fall of Petersburg became imminent, on Evacuation Sunday (April 2), President Davis, his Cabinet, and the Confederate defenders abandoned Richmond and fled south on the last open railroad line, the Richmond and Danville. "Patsy, our tour guide took us from the visitor's center to … However, Lee rushed in reinforcements and the Confederates were able to repulse further Union attacks, resulting in heavy Federal casualties. Can anyone suggest the top civil war sites, including battlefields, in S. Virginia? Answer 1 of 4: In early November I will be coming from Asheville to Richmond and eventually down to Florida. Welcome to Civil War Richmond, an online research project designed to collect documents, photographs, and maps pertaining to Richmond, Virginia, during the Civil War. Positioned on the Fall Line along the James River, the city had ready access to an ample supply of hydropower to run mills and factories. The cities of Richmond and Petersburg were vital to the survival of the Confederacy. (MA Thesis, Virginia Commonwealth University, 2007). It was second only to the Parrott foundry in Cold Spring, New York, in production for the entire United States. Explore what interests you. Virginia was the South's industrial center, with an industrial output nearly equal to that of all other Confederate states combined. "Civil War Theater: The Richmond Stage.". Appomattox Court House: Where It All Ended Weston. It was the terminus of five railroads: the Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Railroad; the Virginia Central Railroad; the Richmond and York River Railroad; the Richmond and Petersburg Railroad; and the Richmond and Danville Railroad. ", Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Railroad, "POPULATION OF THE 100 LARGEST CITIES AND OTHER URBAN PLACES IN THE UNITED STATES: 1790 TO 1990 (Population Division Working Paper No. Wise and William "Extra Billy" Smith, Tredegar Iron Works owner and Confederate Brigadier General Joseph Reid Anderson, and Major Generals George Pickett, Fitzhugh Lee, Henry Heth, and John Imboden. After a long siege, Grant captured Petersburg and Richmond in early April 1865. In 2013, The American Civil War Museum was formed by the merger of the American Civil War Center and the Museum of the Confederacy. There are plenty of civil war sites around the Richmond area to occupy your time, as well as the Museum of the Confederacy. Donate today to preserve Civil War battlefields and the nation’s history for generations to come. Fort Sumter National Monument. Virginia became a prominent part of the Confederacy when it joined during the American Civil War.As a Southern slave-holding state, Virginia held the state convention to deal with the secession crisis, and voted against secession on April 4, 1861. About one week after the evacuation of Richmond, General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Grant on April 9 ending the Battle of Appomattox Courthouse. Robbie Robertson / The Band wrote 'The night they drove old Dixie down'. However, on May 8, 1861, in the Confederate Capital City of Montgomery, Alabama, the decision was made to name the City of Richmond, Virginia as the new Capital of the Confederacy. Union troops put out the raging fires in the city. Stand next to Civil War cannons at Malvern Hill Battlefield then visit the Dabbs House Museum. Divisions of the American Battlefield Trust: The American Battlefield Trust is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Montgomery, Alabama, was selected as the Confederate capital. On Brown's Island, the Confederate States Laboratory was established to consolidate explosives production to an isolated setting in the eventuality of an accidental explosion. Defending Richmond - Richmond VA - U.S. Civil War Sites on Waymarking.com. 18S E 289030 N 4162440 . Don't let those Abe Lincoln bobbleheads or other gift shop kitsch distract … Fredericksburg. Immediately next door to the White House, the internationally renowned Museum of the Confederacy houses the largest comprehensive collection of artifacts and personal effects relating to the Confederacy. Richmond National Battlefield Park includes 13 distinct sites or units, each commemorating an important event or location of the American Civil War. American Civil War 1861 – 1865 There is more to the Civil War. Fewer than half were recaptured, with the majority reaching Union lines and safety. The riot was organized by Mary Jackson, a huckster and the mother of a soldier. Follow the NPS Auto Tour Route and get out and explore each stop. In the late spring of 1862, a large Federal army under Major General George B. McClellan landed on the Virginia Peninsula. The Charlie Daniels Band song, "Trudy", compares the taking of Richmond by Grant with the narrator saying that he was "raking in chips like Grant took Richmond" in a poker game. Other museums include the Virginia Historical Society. In 1864-5, General U.S. Grant laid siege to nearby Petersburg. "Unconquerable Defiance": Richmond Newspapers and Confederate Defeat, 1864-1865. The Union made many attempts to invade Richmond. McClellan's starting base was the Union-held Fort Monroe at the eastern tip of the Peninsula. The Confederate States of America was formed in early 1861 from the first states to secede from the Union. Albumen print, 1865. Timing: December 1862. Remains of a locomotive of the Richmond and Petersburg Railroad, Damage near the Armory. Stuart, and an unexpected appearance of General Stonewall Jackson's famous "foot cavalry" combined to unnerve the ever-cautious McClellan, and he initiated a Union retreat before Richmond. The retreating Confederates chose to burn military supplies rather than let them fall into Union hands; the resulting fire destroyed much of central Richmond. Here you will find information regarding many varied facets of life inside the Confederate Capital. A statue of Lincoln, commemorating his visit to the former Confederate capitol, was unveiled in 2003, causing controversy.[8]. Located on the edge of the Bermuda Hundred peninsula between Richmond and Petersburg, this site is a typical stretch of the Confederate "Howlett Line" that stood from May 1864 into April 1865. Show your pride in battlefield preservation by shopping in our store. The Richmond National Battlefield Park, a unit of the National Park Service, maintains several battlefields from the Peninsula Campaign and subsequent actions. The fire in the largely abandoned city spread out of control, and large parts of Richmond were destroyed, reaching to the very edge of Capitol Square mostly unchecked. The city has a number of markers and monuments commemorating the Civil War and the city's role in the Confederacy. Richmond, Virginia served as the capital of the Confederate States of America for almost the whole of the American Civil War. An itinerary of key sites and things to do, Save 40 Acres of the American Revolution Southern Theater, Kentuckians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Virginians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation. Shiloh National Military Park; Shiloh, Tennessee. Richmond is has a number of fascinating Civil War sites. Or strike out on your own using the following sites as a guideline. The stories are told from both Confederate and Union perspectives, as well as the perspectives of civilians and soldiers. His military maneuvers and the resulting battles and engagements became collectively known as the Peninsula Campaign, culminating in the Seven Days Battles. The city was shaken shortly thereafter by the March 2, 1864 Dahlgren Affair, a failed Union raid on the city. The event became known as the Evacuation Fire. By April 1865, the Confederate government realized the siege was almost over and abandoned the city lest they be captured. The Majority of our funds go directly to Preservation and Education. [4]. For 292 days. Please consider making a gift today to help raise the $170,000 we need to preserve this piece of American history forever. The Historic Tredegar Museum is adjacent to the National Park Service visitor center at Tredegar. [1][2] The city had been the capital of Virginia since 1780, and became the third largest city in the Confederacy.[3]. Federal Identification Number (EIN): 54-1426643. Tredegar is also credited with the production of approximately 10,000 artillery pieces during the war which was about half of the South's total domestic production of artillery between the war years of 1861–1865. Stay tuned for the upcoming “Epicenter of the Rebellion: Great Richmond Civil War Sites” tour tour, led by Rick Britton of Richmond’s Tredegar Civil War Center. 27)", "What were the largest cities in the South in 1860? Help save a crucial 22-acre tract on the battlefield where 14 African American soldiers earned the highest military honor in the land. As the war progressed, the city's warehouses became the supply and logistical center for much of the Confederate forces within the Eastern Theater. “On to Richmond!” The Focal Point of the Civil War The center of Confederate manufacturing fueled a modern war, one of the South’s largest hospitals gave care to the sick and wounded, and armies battled on open fields and in miles of defensive earthworks. ", "Bread or Blood: The Richmond Bread Riot - Hungry History", "Conflicts Arise over Lincoln Statue in Richmond, Va., Cemetery", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Richmond_in_the_American_Civil_War&oldid=979246303, Richmond, Virginia in the American Civil War, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. One lyric refers to, '...by May the 10th (1865) Richmond had fell, it was a time I remember oh so well'. As the Confederate capital and the industrial heart of the South, Richmond, Virginia, in particular, was a major centre of action. Virginia voted to secede from the Union on April 17, 1861, and existed briefly thereafter as an independent republic before joining the Confederacy on June 19, 1861. ", Harwell, Richard Barksdale. Monument Avenue was laid out in 1887, with a series of monuments at various intersections honoring the city's Confederate heroes. "Harlots or Heroines? On May 10, 1865, Confederate President Jefferson Davis, fleeing Richmond and having dissolved the Confederate government, was captured by Union forces in Irwinville, Georgia. Chesson, Michael B. After the Confederate Army fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina, on April 12, 1861, beginning the Civil War, additional states seceded. A New Look at the Richmond Bread Riot. Do what strikes your fancy. Two of the locations are in Richmond proper. N 37° 35.092 W 077° 23.360. On March 13, 1863, the Confederate Laboratory on Brown's Island was rocked by an explosion that killed dozens of workers. The history books will tell you that the American Civil War began at … A New Look at the Richmond Bread Riot. From 1861 to 1865, Richmond’s fate would determine America’s future. The White House of the Confederacy (part of the private, non-profit Museum of the Confederacy) has been fully restored to its wartime appearance and is open for daily tours. [6] The militia was called out to end the riot.[7]. The city fell to Union forces on April 3, 1865. The Union Army advance was halted shortly outside of the city at the Battle of Seven Pines on May 31 and June 1, 1862 (near the site of what is now Richmond International Airport). in by Randall M. Miller and Harry S. Stout, eds., Titus, Katherine R. "The Richmond Bread Riot of 1863: Class, Race, and Gender in the Urban Confederacy", Zombek, Angela M. "Paternalism and Imprisonment at Castle Thunder: Reinforcing Gender Norms in the Confederate Capital. Explore what interests you! The Tredegar works were adjacent to the Richmond Arsenal, which was recommissioned in the lead-up to the war. The American Civil War Museum is actually a museum complex that has three locations. The Seal of the Confederate States, adopted April 30, 1863, features a depiction of George Washington based on the Washington Monument adjacent to the Confederate Capitol building. The Tredegar Iron Works, sprawling along the James River, supplied high-quality munitions to the Confederacy during the war. V irginia's six Civil War-oriented National Parks together draw millions of visitors each year.. Manassas National Battlefield. Insider tip: Tredergar Iron Works produced almost 1,100 cannons, roughly one-half of all guns made in the south during the war. Shiloh was the largest battle in the Civil War’s … The company also manufactured railroad steam locomotives in the same period. Richmond National Battlefield comprises 13 different sites, spanning multiple years of the Civil War. Petersburg National Battlefield is a vast park on which you could spend hundreds of hours and never do the same thing twice. The second Richmond locations encompasses the White House and Museum of the Confederacy. A large, stone pyramid dominates the Confederate Soldiers' section, wh… Civil War Richmond is an online research project designed to collect documents, photographs, and maps pertaining to Richmond, Virginia, during the Civil War. Ulysses S. Grant's 1864 Overland Campaign resulted in Robert E. Lee's Confederate army retiring to the vicinity of Richmond and Petersburg, where they checked Grant's progress. Walk back 400 years in time at Henricus Historical Park to see where Pocahontas lived. Find out what Ranger Programs are scheduled. Although Jackson’s Mill farmstead never figured directly … Richmond's Hollywood Cemetery is the final burial place of many Civil War notables, including Jefferson Davis, Stuart, former U.S. President and Confederate Congressman John Tyler, Virginia Governors and Confederate Generals Henry A. A driving tour through Civil War sites in Richmond and its surrounding counties is maintained by Virginia Civil War Trails. At the fall of Richmond in April 1865, all but the Richmond and Danville Railroad and the canal had effectively been cut off by Union forces. McClellan, who had enjoyed early publicity from a series of successes in western Virginia, was assigned the task of seizing and occupying Richmond. Stuart, Robert E. Lee, Jefferson Davis, Stonewall Jackson, and Matthew F. Maury. Efforts to take Richmond by the James River were successfully blocked by Confederate defenses at the Battle of Drewry's Bluff on May 15, about eight miles downstream from Richmond. Berler, Anne Karen. This is where our country started, and grew, and fought, and fought again. The conflagration was not completely extinguished until the mayor and other civilians went to the Union lines east of Richmond on New Market Road (now State Route 5) and surrendered the city the next day. Richmond is also home to the American Civil War Museum, an institution that explores the war itself along with the legacy left behind. Defending Richmond - Richmond VA. in U.S. Civil War Sites. Richmond was also a transportation hub. Civil War Richmond is an online research project by Mike Gorman about Richmond, Virginia, during the Civil War. On April 2, 1863, the city was beset by a large bread riot as housewives could no longer afford very high food prices and broke into stores. JACKSON’S MILL FARMSTEAD. Following the secession of Virginia from the Union, the capital of the Confederacy was transferred from Montgomery, Alabama, to Richmond, Virginia. The occupation was overseen by General Godfrey Weitzel and later General Edward Ord. In the 1860 United States Census, Richmond was the 25th largest urban area in the United States, with a population of 37,910. As capital of the Confederate States, Richmond became a military target of the Federal Army. Civil War and Emancipation Experiences in Richmond, VA There are sites to visit, and lessons to learn. St. John's Episcopal Church. Numerous Union dead who were buried at these sites were re-interred after the war to several national cemeteries outside of the city. The retreating soldiers were under orders to set fire to bridges, the armory, and supply warehouses as they left. Subsequent campaigning in the balance of the year failed to bring about a decisive battle, and Richmond residents settled down to the winter of 1863–64 mostly still optimistic about the Confederacy's fortunes. Exploring the unparalleled significance the American Civil War holds to complexities we face today. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. [9], By comparison, the population of Washington, D.C. was 61,122 in the 1860 census, Michael B. Chesson, "Harlots or Heroines? from June of 1864 to April of 1865, Federal forces besieged the city, the longest such siege in United States Army history. Richmond, Virginia Touring the Capital of the Confederacy. Come see how it all unfolded. Located just north of I-66 and near Washington, DC, Manassas National Battlefield Park highlights two battles fought near a little stream called Bull Run. Within the same week, on the evening of April 14, President Lincoln was assassinated in Washington D.C. by the Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! Union forces attacked the Petersburg defenses on June 15, 1864, and were initially successful in driving the Confederate defenders back from their first line of entrenchments. By using actual documents from the time, we can accurately present life inside the Confederate Capital categorized and in … Among these sites are Fort Harrison, Cold Harbor, the defensive battery of Drewry’s Bluff and the famous Tredegar Iron Works, now home to the park’s main visitor center. Numerous smaller factories in Richmond produced tents, uniforms, harnesses and leather goods, swords and bayonets, and other war material. "Civil War, Religion, and Communications: The Case of Richmond." It was a vital source of weapons and supplies for the war effort, and the terminus of five railroads. ", This page was last edited on 19 September 2020, at 17:21. Even as other portions of the South were already falling, the failure of the Peninsula Campaign to take Richmond led to almost three more years of warfare between the states. Battle of Fredericksburg. Not surprisingly, the BGES often hosts tours in Richmond. We maintain three unique sites: The American Civil War Museum – Historic Tredegar and the White House of the Confederacy, both in Richmond, VA; and The American Civil War Museum–Appomattox, in Appomattox, VA. Insider tip: In the postwar years, the Crater was integrated into a golf course and used as a sand trap. Stout, Harry S., and Christopher Grasso. Richmond National Battlefield is a very diverse park, on which you could spend hundreds of hours and never do the same thing twice. B etween 1861 and 1865, Union armies repeatedly set out to capture Richmond, capital of the Confederacy, and end the Civil War. Richmond's Hollywood Cemetery is the final burial place of many Civil War notables, including Jefferson Davis, Stuart, former U.S. President and Confederate Congressman John Tyler, Virginia Governors and Confederate Generals Henry A. Wise and William "Extra Billy" Smith, Tredegar Iron Works owner and Confederate Brigadier General Joseph Reid Anderson, and Major Generals George Pickett, Fitzhugh Lee, Henry Heth, and John Imboden. Do what strikes your fancy. If you get a chance to visit Richmond, don't miss Chimborazo … 398 reviews. Besides being home to the Confederate government, Richmond also played host to Confederate hospitals, Tredegar Iron Works, and the notorious Union prisoner of war camps Libby Prison and Belle Isle. The Confederate capital was moved to Richmond in recognition of Virginia's strategic importance. Richmond remained the capital of the Confederacy until April 2, 1865, at which point the government evacuated and was re-established, albeit briefly, in Danville, Virginia.[5]. Without going into further detail, I will direct you to a great site which has TONS of information you can look through to plan your days: Extent allowable under the law gift today to help raise the $ 170,000 need! Years of the Peninsula Campaign and subsequent actions to see where Pocahontas lived and commemorating. At 17:21 cannons, roughly one-half of all other Confederate States of Virginia Tennessee! A guideline in recognition of Virginia 's strategic importance: Richmond Newspapers and Confederate Defeat,.. And fought again Richmond and Petersburg were vital to the Richmond and down. More than 53,000 acres in 24 States largest urban area in the South 1860! 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