clonal expansion: An explosive increase in the number of fighter cells released by the immune system to fight a threat in the body. causalgia: Intense, long-lasting burning pain usually caused by damage to a peripheral nerve. Currently, doctors know … The first part of deciphering a medical term is to know the different components of a term. Sign up to receive news and updates. computed tomography: An imaging technique that uses a computer and x-rays passed through the body at different angles to create a detailed, nearly three-dimensional picture of the body. basal cell carcinoma: The most common skin cancer. The carotid arteries supply blood to the brain. carbon monoxide: An odorless, colorless gas that is toxic to humans and animals at high levels; it is produced by cars, furnaces, fireplaces, and other equipment powered by combustion. Use this website to find and compare long-term care hospitals based on infection rates and more. Please note the date of last review or update on all articles. Can acupuncture help my menopause symptoms? It is generally used for making small incisions in skin and muscle. chyme: A nearly liquid mass of partly digested food and digestive juices; found in the stomach and intestine. combined hormone therapy: Estrogen combined with progestogen, prescribed to augment a woman's depleted hormones during menopause. coronary artery: Blood vessel that carries oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle. A healthy BMI is defined as 18.5 to 24.9. adduction: Movement of a body part toward or across the midline. age-related cognitive decline: The slight loss of memory and slowing of the brain's information processing that occurs with normal aging. anencephaly: A birth defect in which an infant is born without most of the brain or without the skull bones covering the brain. antileukotriene: A type of asthma medication that reduces swelling in airways and prevents muscles near the airways from tightening. Also called C-1. bronchial tubes: The airways that connect the lungs to the trachea (windpipe) and allow air to pass into and out of the lungs. Both articles and products will be searched. complicated grief: A prolonged, intense reaction to bereavement that affects one in 10 people who lose a loved one. angiogenesis: The formation of new blood vessels. bursitis: Pain and swelling of the bursa, the small fluid filled pads that act as cushions in or near the joints. . Also known as scarring alopecia. Strong muscles strengthen bones, control blood sugar, improve cholesterol levels, maintain a healthy weight, reduce joint pain, and fight mild depression. How to use long-term in a sentence. Disclaimer: Root: the essential meaning of the word. Bouchard's nodes: Hard, bony growths that form on the middle joints of fingers in people with osteoarthritis. People with AIDS get many infections, often from diseases that don't affect people with healthy immune systems. connective tissue: A group of tissues in the body that provide internal support and bind other tissues in the body, including bone, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments. chylomicron: A fat globule that ferries triglyceride from the intestine to the liver and fat tissue. cardiopulmonary resuscitation: A combination of chest compressions and mouth-to-mouth breathing that keep oxygenated blood circulating to the brain and tissues. Some people with this kind of condition also have learning disabilities. conjunctiva: The clear, thin membrane that covers the inside of the eyelid and the white part of the eyeball. An influential government committee has recommended that healthcare workers and people who reside in long-term care facilities get the first doses of COVID-19 vaccines when they become available. However, as SARS-CoV-2 is a new virus, researchers are still learning about the long-term effects of the disease that it can cause. Corn. agnosia: A rare disease in which a person can't recognize objects, shapes, or people. allergic: Having a sensitivity to one or more normally harmless substances. carbohydrate counting: Keeping track of the grams of carbohydrates eaten in order to control weight. That callus on your foot may be soft, in which case it’s a heloma molle. Also a restoration that covers the crown of the tooth. atypical lobular hyperplasia is not cancerous but may become cancer. If it's hard, it's a … aldosterone: A hormone secreted by the adrenal glands that helps regulate blood pressure by controlling sodium and potassium levels in the body. adrenaline: Stress hormone that puts the body on high alert. Search medical terms and abbreviations with the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary from the reference experts at Merriam-Webster. Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis - Wikipedia. celiac plexus: A network of nerves in the upper abdomen; medication is sometimes injected here as part of a therapy to ease pain called a nerve block. colorectal adenoma: A growth on the colon or rectal wall that may develop into cancer. aerobic: Any process that requires oxygen. Building muscle isn't just for individuals into fitness as a hobby. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies.Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary.There are a few general rules about how they combine. Changes include faster heartbeat, more rapid breathing, greater energy, and higher blood pressure. Get health information and advice from the experts at Harvard Medical School. antihypertensives: Medications used to lower and control high blood pressure. bacteria: Tiny single-celled organisms. albinism: A group of inherited conditions that typically appear as a reduction or absence of melanin pigments in the skin, hair, and eyes. atherosclerotic plaque: A mixture of fats, cholesterol, and other tissue that builds up on artery walls. Confidential information may not be accessed or used without authorization. CABG: Abbreviation for coronary artery bypass graft. If it's hard, it's a … WARNING: This is a State of California computer system that is for official use by authorized users and is subject to being monitored and/or restricted at any time. Get to know the basic word parts. ... She is the medical … The corpus luteum secretes the hormone progesterone to stimulate the growth of the endometrium. analgesic: A drug or other substance such as aspirin, acetaminophen, or morphine that is used to relieve pain. When referring to the heart, shorthand for coronary artery bypass surgery, used to divert blood flow around a blocked coronary artery. Like ACE inhibitors, they keep coronary arteries open, lower blood pressure, and reduce the heart's workload. angiotensin II: The active form of the protein angiotensin, which raises blood pressure by narrowing blood vessels and causing the kidneys to store more sodium and water. Using English units, multiply weight in pounds by 703, then divide the result by height in inches, and divide that result by height in inches. corpus luteum: The egg follicle remnant left behind after an egg has been released during ovulation. asymptomatic: Showing no signs or symptoms of disease, whether or not disease is present. anagen: The active growth phase of the hair-growth cycle. It is often used to immunize babies and young children. coronary spasm: Temporary constriction of an artery that supplies blood to the heart, slowing or stopping blood flow. cholagogue: A substance that causes the gallbladder to squeeze, increasing the discharge of bile. contrast medium: A fluid injected into the bloodstream or swallowed so that organs will show up on x-rays. arthrocentesis: A procedure to drain fluid from a joint using a syringe. coronary heart disease: A commonly used term for coronary artery disease, a condition in which one or more of the arteries feeding the heart become so narrow in spots that blood flow is impaired or stopped entirely, causing chest pain or a heart attack. crystalline lens: Part of the eye that changes shape so that the eye can focus on objects at different distances. aqueous humor: Clear fluid that fills the front part of the eye. antiemetic: A drug that prevents nausea and vomiting. Causes back pain and stiffness and can limit movement. Often due to a brain or neurological condition. Surgery to improve blood flow to the heart by diverting blood around a blocked artery. abutment: A tooth or implant to which a fixed prosthesis is anchored. corpus callosum: The large bundle of nerve fibers linking the left and right sides of the brain. Also known as alcoholism. breast augmentation: Cosmetic surgery to increase the size of the breasts. Colles fracture: A break at the end of the main bone of the forearm, the radius. axis: The second vertebra of the neck (from the skull); also called the C-2 vertebra. colic: Severe abdominal pain caused by spasms in the intestines or in a portion of the kidneys. blocking agent: Substance that prevents a biological activity or process. BMI = weight (in kilograms) divided by height (in meters) squared. cervical spondyloarthropathy: Inflammatory arthritis involving the neck portion of the spine. antibody: A protein made by the immune system to protect the body from harmful substances, called antigens. 5-alpha reductase: A chemical that changes the sex hormone testosterone into a substance called dihydrotestosterone. beta carotene: A richly colored compound (red, yellow, or orange) found in many plants, fruits, and vegetables that the body can convert into vitamin A. beta cells: Cells that make and secrete insulin; located in the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas. 10-Blade: The type of blade used on a scalpel. It is the precursor to the active form, angiotensin II. - Since 1983, California Advocates for Nursing Home Reform has been fighting for the rights of long-term care residents in California. alveolar bone: The part of the jawbone that supports the teeth. Search medical terms and abbreviations with the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary from the reference experts at Merriam-Webster. angiotensin-converting enzyme: An enzyme that converts the inactive form of the protein angiotensin (angiotensin I) to its active form—angiotensin II. abdominoplasty: A procedure to remove excess abdominal skin and tighten the underlying stomach muscles. Doctors sometimes test creatinine levels to examine kidney function. coarctation: A narrowed area in the aorta (the main artery that leaves the heart) present from birth. Who is eligible for Long Term Care Medi-Cal? cardiac tamponade: When fluid or blood pools within the sac surrounding the heart, squeezing the heart and interfering with its ability to pump. This therapy is used to treat pain and various health problems and to reduce stress. anaphylaxis: A severe allergic reaction, causing symptoms spanning from itching and swelling to trouble breathing, convulsions, shock, and coma. Long-Term Care Services Services that include medical and non-medical care for people with a chronic illness or disability. Usually abbreviated as ACE. It is the longest word in the English language published in a dictionary, the Oxford English Dictionary, which defines it as "an artificial long word said to mean a lung disease caused by inhaling very fine ash and sand dust." - Since 1983, California Advocates for Nursing Home Reform has been fighting for the rights of long-term care residents in California. blister: A small pocket of fluid that develops between the upper layers of skin; often caused by friction or burns. breath focus: A form of meditation aimed at bringing on a state of relaxation. biochanin A: A natural compound found in soybeans that may help prevent cancer from spreading. 2) A muscle whose contraction is opposed by another muscle. C-reactive protein: A protein made by the liver. bronchiole: A small airway in the respiratory system that connects to the alveoli (air sacs); a branch of the bronchial tubes. basal ganglia: Clusters of nerve cells deep in the brain that play an important role in movement. acupressure: Using the thumb or fingers to apply pressure to particular spots, or pressure points, on the body in order to relieve pain. carotid duplex Doppler scanning: An ultrasound image of the carotid arteries. Causes include an enlarged prostate gland (in men) or bladder muscle problems. chromosome: A threadlike structure, found in the nucleus of each cell, that carries almost all of a cell's genes. Thin needles are inserted into the skin at specific points on the body. Doctors say if you are experiencing trauma or stress, it's important to seek out help. If it's hard, it's a … Medical terminology, phrases . Medicaid is a state-run program offering low-cost or free custodial and medical services to those with low incomes who qualify. They are used to treat a wide range of health problems. antibiotic: A substance that kills or slows the growth of bacteria. AIDS dementia: A loss of brain function that occurs rapidly in some AIDS patients; marked by forgetfulness, difficulty thinking, and trouble focusing. A broad panel of screening tests that examine different parts of the blood and can be used to diagnose anemia, infection, and many other diseases. atherothrombotic stroke: A type of stroke that occurs when a large artery to the brain is completely blocked by the formation of a clot. Cooking from — and for — the heart this holiday season, Fish oil drug helps shrink plaque in heart arteries, When you take these popular pain relievers, proceed with caution, "Awe" walks inspire more joy, less distress, Anticholinergic drugs linked with greater cognitive risk, Blood pressure medications may affect your mood, Use topical painkillers for strains and sprains, 5 tips to get your eating habits back on track, Simple solutions to soothe sore, fragile gums, Tips to cheat safely on your healthy diet, Gum disease linked to an increased risk for cancer, More daily movement may lower cancer deaths, Oral health problems may raise cancer risk, Telemonitoring tied to fewer heart attacks, lower medical costs. anterior myocardial infarction: A heart attack affecting the front of the heart. articular cartilage: Smooth white tissue that covers the ends of bones where they come together to form joints. arousal: The state of being awake or reactive to stimuli through one or more of the five senses. BMI = weight (in kilograms) divided by height (in meters) squared. borborygmi: Stomach growling; the rumbling noises caused by gas moving through the intestine. Often seen in breast tissue by mammography or in coronary arteries by x-ray or cardiac CT scans. corpus spongiosum: A cylinder of soft tissue surrounding a man's urethra and running the length of the penis. It works to help balance movement and ward off injury. compression fracture: The collapse of a bone, most often a bone in the spine (vertebra). alopecia universalis: Hair loss that involves the entire body. Also known as eczema. cardiac resynchronization therapy: A pacemaker-based therapy for heart failure that improves the heart's pumping efficiency by coordinating (resynchronizing) the beat of the ventricles. benzodiazepines: Anti-anxiety medications that work by helping to maintain levels of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain. chemotherapy: The use of chemicals to treat disease; often used to destroy cancer cells. Severe COVID-19 can produce high long-term … cholinergic neuron: A nerve cell that produces acetylcholine. Bernstein test: A test to try to reproduce heartburn symptoms; used by doctors to diagnose GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease). asthma: A disease that inflames and narrows airways, causing wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, and tightness in the chest. Cardiac arrest usually occurs as a result of a rapid ventricular rhythm (ventricular tachycardia) or a chaotic one (ventricular fibrillation). coma: Deep unconsciousness where the person is alive but unable to move or respond. autonomic neuropathy: Damage to the nerves that control involuntary body functions, such as digestion, heart rate, and bladder and bowel function. cranial arteritis: Inflammation and damage to blood vessels supplying blood to the head and neck. alpha cells: Cells in the pancreas that produce the hormone glucagon. AV node: Abbreviation for atrioventricular node, a major part of the electrical system in the heart that acts as a gateway between the atria and the ventricles. bruit: Unusual sound, heard through a stethoscope, that blood makes when it rushes past an obstruction, like a blockage in an artery. conductive hearing loss: Hearing loss caused by a blockage in the middle ear that prevents sound waves from reaching the inner ear. It uses x-rays and the injection of a fluid called a contrast agent that can be seen on the x-rays. Also called epinephrine. Ask a Doctor Teams: Respond to patient questions and discuss challenging presentations with other members. Like ACE inhibitors, they keep coronary arteries open, lower blood pressure, and reduce the heart's workload. ankle-brachial index: A test that compares blood pressure at the ankle with blood pressure at the elbow. Single individual with property/resources of $2000 and under … Understanding of medical prefixes, suffixes and roots. atypical lobular hyperplasia: An overgrowth of abnormally shaped cells in areas of the breast that produce milk (lobules).
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