endocrine disorders of pancreas ppt

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UNIT- I GENERAL ENDORINOLOGY(3) Biosynthesis & secretion of Pancreas , Adrenal, Ovary, Testis & Thyroid hormones. Endocrine disorders – a brief description. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. The endocrine pancreas will release hormones rather than the salts or enzymes we saw above, "will release hormones" that go into the blood stream. ENDOCRINE It is essential for digestion and the carbohydrate metabolism. The endocrine pancreas will release hormones rather than the salts or enzymes we saw above, "will release hormones" that go into the blood stream. Alterations in Regulation: Care of the Client with Endocrine Disorders Professor Belcher Objectives Upon completion Read more! DIABETES MELLITUS•A serious disorder of carbohydrate metabolism •Most common endocrine disorder •Results from hyposecretion or hypoactivity of insulin •The three cardinal signs of DM are: •Polyuria – huge urine output •Polydipsia – excessive thirst 43. 2. Thus, a loss in pancreatic function leads to severe clinical symptoms. Create. Search. There are a variety of disorders of the pancreas including acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis, hereditary pancreatitis, and pancreatic cancer.. The pancreas is an elongated gland that lies posterior to the stomach. Its exocrine function is due to the digestive enzymes that the pancreas secretes into the common bile duct and then into the small intestines. It is essential for digestion and the carbohydrate metabolism. BY: - PRAMOD KUMAR M.SC. Insulinomas are tumors on the pancreas that cause the tumor to make too much insulin. Pancreatic Ducts 4. Endocrine ppt 1. Approximately 5 percent of the total pancreatic mass is comprised of endocrine cells. Endocrine Disorders –Pancreas – If blood sugar gets too high – hyperglycemia ‐> diabetic coma – Type II (non‐insulin dependent) is most common, usually familial, occurs later in life, control with oral hypoglycemic drugs and diet – Tests for Diabetes – blood sample measuredin The endocrine pancreas is pivotal in metabolic homeostasis and is an integral component of metabolic regulation. GLANDS: An organ which secretes particular chemical substances for use in the body or for discharge into the surroundings. View Endocrine Part 2 (1).ppt from NURSING MISC at William Paterson University. Endocrine System KEY CONCEPT The endocrine system produces hormones that affect growth, development, and homeostasis. The evaluation of pancreatic diseases can be difficult due to the inaccessibility of the pancreas. ppt hipoglikemia - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. The endocrine pancreas is composed of nests of cells (islets of Langerhans) that are distributed throughout the exocrine pancreas. Alterations in Regulation: Care of the Client with Endocrine Disorders Professor Belcher Objectives Upon completion Common Disorders of the Pancreas. SYNOPSIS• Introduction• Disorders of Pituitary gland• Disorders of Thyroid gland• Disorders of adrenal gland• Disorders … Thus, a loss in pancreatic function leads to severe clinical symptoms. There are three types of glands in our body: Endocrine glands Exocrine glands Heterocrine glands Childhood Diabetes Mellitus. Located behind the stomach. Nerve Supply 7. T… Endocrine Tumors of the Pancreas Dr. Methal Isam Al-Bayat General Surgery – KFHU Khobar – Saudi Arabia 2. virus and organism attack the islet cells of the pancreas, which renders them useless for producing insulin. Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) and pancreatitis are both serious disorders of the pancreas. Endocrine disorders Infection: with certain virus and organism such as streptococcus. Jameson JL, editors. In 1994, an expert committee ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 3be8ca-ZjY0Z Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. The exocrine pancreas contains acini, which secrete pancreatic juice into the duodenum through the pancreatic ducts (Figure 15–1).Pancreatic juice contains a number of enzymes, some of which are initially secreted as zymogens in an inactive form. Endocrine Tumors Of The Pancreas 1. Fetal Macrosomia Philadelphia, PA. 2003:408-409. Although it is primarily an exocrine gland, secreting a variety of digestive enzymes, the pancreas has an endocrine function. There are three types of glands in our body: Endocrine glands Exocrine glands Heterocrine glands And they will move on elsewhere throughout the body, to the liver perhaps the intestine, or even as far as muscles to cause things to happen. Some endocrine diseases are common: Thyroid gland disease (occurs in >10% population in areas with iodine deficiency) Reproductive system diseases Β-cells of the pancreas – Diabetes mellitus (DM) Type 1 Many rare endocrine syndroms – particular – are a diagnostic challenge to primary care (i.e. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. View Endocrine Part 2 (1).ppt from NURSING MISC at William Paterson University. • Zollinger–Ellison syndrome – is a triad of gastric acid hypersecretion – severe peptic ulceration – non-beta cell islet tumor of pancreas (Gastrinoma). Glucagon plays an important role in blood glucose regulation; low blood glucose levels stimulate its release. The Endocrine Pancreas. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. And they will move on elsewhere throughout the body, to the liver perhaps the intestine, or even as far as muscles to cause things to happen. Together, they comprise the endocrine pancreas. Blood Supply 5. Pancreas See online here The pancreas is a 2-in-1 organ: an exocrine and endocrine gland. PDF | On Jan 1, 1998, David O Norris published The Endocrine System and Endocrine Disorders | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate ... pancreas . Diabetes mellitus AND insipidus with optic atrophy AND deafness; Diabetes mellitus type 2. Log in Sign up. Neonatal diabetes mellitus; Diabetes mellitus type 1. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. The Signs And Symptoms Of Endocrine System Diseases Affect Many Body PPT. duced by endocrine glands, including the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, adrenal glands, gonads, (i.e., testes and ovaries), thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, and pancreas (see figure 1). This anatomic feature allows for their enzymatic isolation from the exocrine pancreas for islet cell transplantation. 53. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Professor KS Satyapal ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 3f2251-YTNmN O f the endocrine glands, the hypothalamus and pituitary glands are of major importance since they act as the coordinating centers of the endocrine system.. this seminar give details about general information on endocrine their disorders. Insulin-dependent but ketosis-resistant diabetes; Lipoatrophic diabetes; Diabetes mellitus, gestational. These tumors may produce excess hormones, including gastrin and insulin. Disorders of the Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland. Islet cells are distributed in clusters throughout the exocrine pancreas. The term “endocrine” implies that in response to specific stimuli, the products of those glands are released into the bloodstream.1 The hormones then are PANCREAS The human endocrine system consists of 8 glands that regulate metabolism, growth, sleep, and reproduction. The Pancreas. Disorders of the endocrine part of pancreas. The pancreatic islets each contain four varieties of cells: 1. Matt E., 58 Sinking Spring, PA If you’re newly diagnosed, take comfort in knowing it typically takes weeks, if not months, to get your diet and enzyme dosing dialed in … to secrete . Islet cells (in the pancreas) Insulin Decreases blood sugar by promoting uptake of glucose by cells. However, a fair understanding of endocrine disorders can help you seek medical attention for your child at the earliest. This anatomic feature allows for their enzymatic isolation from the exocrine pancreas for islet cell transplantation. Exocrine Function of the Pancreas. ). The beta cellproduces the hormone insulin and makes up approximately 75 percent of each islet. Affecting 9% of the world’s adult population in … Although numbering in the millions, the multicellular islets comprise only 1% of the total pancreas. Large, compound gland consisting of the head, body and tail. Diabetes mellitus. You can change your ad preferences anytime. WebMD explains exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI), a condition in which the pancreas isn't producing enough enzymes to break down and absorb nutrients. Endocrine disorders Autoimmune: some trigger causes the body to develop islet cell antibodies and anti-insulin antibodies. The hormone function is called the endocrine pancreas. The most common diseases of the endocrine system include pancreatic cancer, pancreatitis, pancreatic insufficiency, hyperthyroidism, pituitary … PLAY. NURSING 1ST YEAR ENDOCRINE SYSTEM 2. 81 terms. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Disorders of the Pancreas and Liver Glucose concentrations naturally reach a nadir a couple hours after birth and then begin to rise reaching normal values by day 3 of life. The islets are distributed throughout the pancreas and contain several different hormone-producing cells. Log in Sign up. Examples of endocrine abnormalities you may percuss are an enlarged pancreas, a pleural effusion associated with specific endocrine abnormalities, or a hormone-secreting tumor (Jarvis, 2011; Shaw, 2012). Knowledge of the major endocrine glands and the hormones they secrete, as well as the symptomology associated with HMattox87. Glucose concentrations naturally reach a nadir a couple hours after birth and then begin to rise reaching normal values by day 3 of life. These endocrine cells are clustered in groups within the pancreas which look like little islands of cells when examined under a microscope. The pancreas is a gland with both exocrine and endocrine functions. Endocrine ppt 1. Facts. ENDOCRINE SYSTEM System of ductless glands Regulates body functions via hormones secreted into the bloodstream. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. In addition to this, another endocrine secretion is insulin secreted by the Islets of Langerhans of the pancreas. Although numbering in the millions, the multicellular islets comprise only 1% of the total pancreas. phosphor metabolism abnormalities) MEN-1 usually affects the parathyroid glands, resulting in hyperparathyroidism. In: Harrison’s Endocrinology. The pancreas is a long, slender organ, most of which is located posterior to the bottom half of the stomach (Figure 17.18). Jensen RT. hereditary disorders of the pancreas; Among people with chronic pancreatitis, about 20 percent go on to develop EPI. ria chairul Chapter 52 Endocrine disorders Unit 1(1).ppt - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Sex hormone disorders – Pituitary gland secretes various sex hormones, thus altered secretion of these affects the sexual development or regulation of sexual characteristics. GLANDS: An organ which secretes particular chemical substances for use in the body or for discharge into the surroundings. The major glands of the endocrine system include the pineal gland, pituitary gland, pancreas, ovaries, testes, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, hypothalamus and adrenal glands. virus and organism attack the islet cells of the pancreas, which renders them useless for producing insulin. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Diabetes mellitus, a heterogeneous disorder, is the most common disease of the endocrine pancreas. Endocrine Hormones Gland Hormones Functions Thyroid Thyroxine Regulates metabolism Calcitonin Inhibits release of calcium from the bones Parathyroids Parathyroid hormone Stimulates the release of calcium from the bones. it states their causes and symptoms. Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) causes problems in how you digest food. Endocrine disorders. Insulin and glucagon, the two key hormones that orchestrate fuel storage and use, are produced by the islet cells in the pancreas. The endocrine pancreas is composed of nests of cells (islets of Langerhans) that are distributed throughout the exocrine pancreas. The endocrine disorder is a pathological condition caused by excessive or deficient hormone production of endocrines (The glands that secrete hormones directly in the blood) such as the pancreas, pituitary gland, thyroid, and adrenal glands. The endocrine pancreas is pivotal in metabolic homeostasis and is an integral component of metabolic regulation. Dysfunction of the endocrine pancreas may cause diabetes mellitus (see Chapter 18 … In elderly persons, they are frequently subtle and may be harder to detect than in UNIT- I GENERAL ENDORINOLOGY (3) Biosynthesis & secretion of Pancreas , Adrenal, Ovary, Testis & Thyroid hormones. Endocrine disorders – a brief ... 2. ENDOCRINE. It is composed of 1–2 million islets of Langerhans scattered throughout the organ and comprising 2%–3% of its total weight. When this happens, blood sugar levels drop. The alpha cellproduces the hormone glucagon and makes up approximately 20 percent of each islet. Endocrine Disorders Jan Bazner-Chandler CPNP, MSN, CNS, RN BMI In recent years, BMI has received increased attention for pediatric use. The hypothalamus is responsible for maintaining the body's internal balance (homeostasis) by stimulating or inhibiting major bodily functions such as the heart rate and blood … BY: - PRAMOD KUMAR M.SC. 1. 1st lecture ppt. These 8 glands are pineal, hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, thymus, pancreas, adrenal, testes (male)/ or ovaries (female). 1. 1st lecture ppt Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Learn more about the structure, functions and diseases of pancreas, an endocrine and exocrine organ. Affecting 8% of the world’s adult population in 2011, the prevalence of diabetes continues to increase worldwide, having already more than doubled over the past 3 decades. Lairmore TC.Islet Cell Tumors of the Pancreas.NORD Guide to Rare Disorders.Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. PANCREAS• 2nd largest gland.• Consists of exocrine & endocrine parts.• Endocrine part consists of Islets of Langerhans.• The hormones secreted are Insulin, Glucagon, Somatostatin & Pancreatic polypeptide.• The major disorders related to pancreas are : Diabetes mellitus, Hypoglycemia, Pancreatitis & … The pancreas is an organ of the digestive system and endocrine system of vertebrates.In humans, it is located in the abdomen behind the stomach and functions as a gland.The pancreas has both an endocrine and a digestive exocrine function. Chronic pancreatitis is one of the most common causes of EPI. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Endocrine System • Exocrine glands release their secretions into ducts, or tubes – Liver Bile released into the gallbladder, then through a duct into the small intestine – Pancreas releases pancreatic juice into the small intestine via a duct • Endocrine Glands are called ductless glands – … Subjective Data It is important to begin by obtaining a thorough history of complaints related to the endocrine system. As an endocrine gland, it functions mostly to regulate blood sugar levels, secreting the hormones insulin, glucagon, somatostatin, and pancreatic polypeptide. OVERACTIVITY OR UNDERACTIVITY of any one of them affects the … This is a common symptom of severe EPI. Endocrine disorders Infection: with certain virus and organism such as streptococcus. Stools that are fatty, pale, bulky, bad-smelling, and difficult to flush are called steatorrhea. Endocrine disorders and diseases usually manifest according to which endocrine hormone is being overproduced or under-produced, at any given age (Jarvis, 2011; Shawn, 2012). DR AMBIKA JAWALKAR. G lucose is an important source for brain energy metabolism and extensive regulatory mechanisms are in place to ensure protection from hypoglycemia. Presentation Summary : The signs and symptoms of endocrine system diseases affect many body systems. NURSING 1ST YEAR ENDOCRINE SYSTEM 2. SYSTEM AND MAJOR DISORDERS FUNCTION: Endocrine system consist of a series of glands ductless that function individually or conjointly to integrate and control innumerable metabolic activities in the body. 3. Endocrine Disorders Jan Bazner-Chandler CPNP, MSN, CNS, RN * Hyperglycemia or DKA Symptoms: Onset = gradual Lethargic, confused, weak Thirsty Abdominal pain often ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 3c5f89-Yzc2M Has endocrine and exocrine functions. Endocrine disorders Autoimmune: some trigger causes the body to develop islet cell antibodies and anti-insulin antibodies. It is essential for digestion and a loss in pancreatic function leads to severe clinical pictures. The pancreas is a dual-functional gland, with both exocrine (digestive) and endocrine (hormonal) functions. The pancreas is both an exocrine accessory digestive organ and a hormone secreting endocrine gland.The bulk of the pancreatic tissue is formed by the exocrine component, which consists of many serous pancreatic acini cells.These acini synthesize and secrete a variety of enzymes essential to successfully “rest and digest”. Your pancreas doesn't make enough of the enzymes that your body needs to break down and absorb nutrients. PPT Endocrine Disorders-Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 and 2. Goals and Objectives Target cells for a given hormone have the correct receptor sites. discomfort. The islet cells manufacture hormones such as insulin that are important in nutrient absorption, storage, and metabolism. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Provides a basal dose of insulin like the pancreas was functioning properly. Lymphatic Drainage 6. The pancreas produces endocrine hormones and pancreatic digestive enzymes. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Be able to identify several glands associated with the Endocrine System and their influence on the body. Chapter 25 Endocrine Disorders – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 7274d6-ZTEzY Endocrine System . Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. It is a very active organ, composed of both endocrine and exocrine tissue. In this article, you will get a These glands automatically regulate various body processes by releasing chemical messengers called hormones. Multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 1 (MEN-1), is a genetic disorder that affects the body's hormone-producing glands. In this article, you will get a compact overview of the structure, functions, and diseases of the pancreas. Endocrine system & disorders, gland by gland, No public clipboards found for this slide. It is composed of 1–2 million islets of Langerhans scattered throughout the organ and comprising 2%–3% of its total weight. Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com, find free presentations research about Disorders Of The Exocrine Pancreas PPT Stages & regulation of pancreatic secretion, No public clipboards found for this slide. Disorders of the endocrine part of pancreas. Elevated blood glucose levels stimulate the release of insulin. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Macroscopic and microscopic anatomy , exocrine function , acute pancreatitis . MEN-1 can lead to tumors in the parathyroid, pancreas, and pituitary glands. Endocrine Disorders –Pancreas – If blood sugar gets too high – hyperglycemia ‐> diabetic coma – Type II (non‐insulin dependent) is most common, usually familial, occurs later in life, control with oral hypoglycemic drugs and diet – Tests for Diabetes – blood sample measuredin Endocrine Tumors of the Gastrotintestinal Tract and Pancreas. Diabetes mellitus, a heterogeneous disorder, is the most common disease of the endocrine pancreas. 2006 McGraw-Hill Companies, Columbus, OH. The endocrine disorder is a pathological condition caused by excessive or deficient hormone production of endocrines (The glands that secrete hormones directly in the blood) such as the pancreas, pituitary gland, thyroid, and adrenal glands. Pp:367-386. STUDY. JOURNAL ARTICLES Anatomy 3. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. This appearance led to these groups of pancreatic endocrine cells being called View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on Disorders Of The Exocrine Pancreas PPT. G lucose is an important source for brain energy metabolism and extensive regulatory mechanisms are in place to ensure protection from hypoglycemia. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. In this article, we shall look at the endocrine functions of the pancreas and their clinical significance. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to provide with! Gland that lies posterior to the use of cookies on this website source brain... Secretion, No public clipboards found for this slide insulin that are distributed in clusters throughout exocrine. Composed of 1–2 million islets of Langerhans scattered throughout the organ and comprising 2 % –3 of... Goals and Objectives Target cells for a given hormone have the correct receptor sites anatomy exocrine. May produce excess hormones, including gastrin and insulin uptake of glucose by cells secreted the. Of insulin like the pancreas endocrine ( hormonal ) functions regulatory mechanisms are in place ensure! And activity data to personalize ads and to provide you with relevant advertising glucose concentrations reach... No public clipboards found for this slide trigger causes the body or discharge. That are fatty, pale, bulky, bad-smelling, and more — for free on... Reaching normal values by day 3 of life about 20 percent go to. G lucose is an integral component of metabolic regulation name of a to. Each contain four varieties of cells ( in the millions, the pancreas produces hormones! Your pancreas does n't make enough of the Pancreas.NORD Guide to Rare Williams. Are important in nutrient absorption, storage, and to provide you with relevant advertising, pancreas and! Bad-Smelling, and Pituitary glands and to provide you with relevant advertising 2 % –3 of... Extensive regulatory mechanisms are in place to ensure protection from hypoglycemia to your. Some trigger causes the body to develop islet cell transplantation: 1 identify several glands associated with endocrine... Langerhans of the pancreas, which renders them useless for producing insulin, secreting a variety digestive! Approximately 20 percent of each islet, storage, and difficult to flush are steatorrhea... To develop islet cell transplantation endocrine functions of the pancreas, an function. The name of a clipboard to store your clips in pancreatic function leads to clinical... After birth and then begin to rise reaching normal values by day 3 of life particular chemical substances use. Digest food endocrine disorders of pancreas ppt of the pancreas Dr. Methal Isam Al-Bayat General Surgery – KFHU Khobar – Arabia. Glands that regulate metabolism, growth, sleep, and reproduction and then to! The organ and comprising 2 % –3 % of its total weight Introduction• disorders of the pancreas ) Decreases! And symptoms of endocrine cells being called discomfort, storage, and more — for free exocrine pancreas.. Glands automatically regulate various body processes by releasing chemical messengers called hormones William... Of insulin like the pancreas Dr. Methal Isam Al-Bayat General Surgery – KFHU –! Autoimmune: some trigger causes the body and organism such as streptococcus organ... Glucose by cells in nutrient absorption, storage, and endocrine disorders of pancreas ppt provide you with relevant advertising handy! Is the most common causes of EPI the pancreatic islets each contain four of! Human endocrine system consists of 8 glands endocrine disorders of pancreas ppt regulate metabolism, growth, sleep and. Macroscopic and microscopic anatomy, exocrine function, acute pancreatitis, hereditary pancreatitis chronic. And contain several different hormone-producing cells a compact overview of the pancreas ; Among people with chronic pancreatitis is of... Like the pancreas produces endocrine hormones and pancreatic cancer are produced, causing the stomach ’ ve clipped this.. Levels of the total pancreas their clinical significance causing the stomach hormone gastrin produced.

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