cal 3 proposal pros and cons

06/12/2020 Uncategorized

This Court's long history of jealously guarding the exercise of initiative power should not be cavalierly disregarded now, especially on such a truncated timetable". California is physically diverse. "[31], Both the 2018 Republican and Democratic nominees for governor have voiced opposition to the plan. [31], Democratic political consultant Steven Maviglio has stated that it would be cheaper to operate California's current vast statewide government, telling LA Weekly, "It's costly and impractical if you split up the existing system". [31], Eric C. Bauman, Chairman of the California Democratic Party, said that "it's going to be more money flushed down the toilet. Water rights, transportation and infrastructure projects, California's public postsecondary education system, and other public programs are fully integrated throughout the state. In July 2018, the Supreme Court of California pulled it from the ballot for further state constitutional review. [18], The Cal 3 measure would add a new article to the California Codes. [19], On July 9, the Planning and Conservation League, an environmental group, became the first party to file a lawsuit to block the measure, asking the Supreme Court of California to pull Cal 3 off the ballot on the aforementioned grounds that it would be a revision to the state constitution that substantially alters the state's basic governmental framework. As Vikram Amar asks, "when Article IV speaks of the need for the consent of the 'States concerned,' does that mean (in the context of a single state that is being subdivided) only consent of the mother state (which is to be divided), or also consent of the newly created states? INITIATIVE STATUTE. ", "Three Californias? If a person’s kidneys stop working, they may need a special treatment called dialysis. Also, language in the Cal 3 initiative was written so that if it was approved by the voters, the legislative consent required by Section 3 of Article IV "is given by the people" instead of directly by the California State Legislature. [29] Furthermore, he believes that the current state government is losing touch with the people of California. [9], Silicon Valley venture capitalist Tim Draper launched Six Californias, a proposed initiative to split California into six states, in December 2013. It reads: New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new States shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress. [19][24] As Vikram Amar writes, "Certainly breaking California up alters, as a quantitative matter, most every provision in the constitution, by shrinking its effective reach ... such a division is first and foremost a matter of structure ... what is of greater importance to a state’s overall structure than its geographic boundaries? For example, the new states may limit or discontinue Proposition 13's inflexible limits on taxes or Proposition 98's school-funding guarantee. However, the Supreme Court of California has ruled that a voter initiative is not sufficient for the state legislative consent that is required to call for a U.S. constitutional convention.[19]. A YES vote on this measure means: The state could sell $5.5 billion in general obligation bonds primarily for stem cell research and the development of new medical treatments in California. Before tackling the arguments associated with the pros and cons of dividing California, the issue of how many states to divide California into should be examined. A patient’s personal doctor must visit them at least once per month during treatment at a dialysis clinic. The Cal 3 proposal would not have legally split the state immediately; the division would have occurred only if and when the U.S. Congress consented to admit the new states to the Union per Article IV, Section 3 of the U.S. Constitution. Note that the pre-existing state does not disappear but simply gets smaller when the new state is admitted. A number of these bonds, employee plans, and policies are currently unfunded, awaiting revenue from future state budgets. Find out more about how we use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. [citation needed], The Cal 3 plan raises both U.S. and California constitutional issues, which led the California Legislative Analyst's Office to predict in its initiative analysis that the measure would almost certainly be challenged on multiple grounds. [19], California's current water issues and water rights would also have to be resolved. Stem cells are used to find treatments for many kinds of diseases. Furthermore, many of these liabilities are mandated by California constitutional amendments, so a case could be made that splitting the state may unconstitutionally impair the contractual rights of all these bondholders and public employees. Constitution).[19]. Amendment 1 on the Nov. 3 ballot would mean all six statewide elected officials would be limited to no more than two four-year terms in office. Californians who are familiar with their state know that one can find a rationale for dividing the state into anywhere from two states to eight states. A similar dispute arose between the State of Ohio and the Territory of Michigan in 1835-36, over which of them had rights to the Maumee Strip, including newly-created Toledo. If passed by voters, the measure then directs the Governor of California on January 1, 2019 to formally submit the state-splitting request to the U.S. Congress along with the certified elections results, and ask them to grant approval within twelve months. [1] Proponents of the proposal argued that dividing California into three states would provide fairer and more responsive governance for large regions outside of California’s major cities. That proposition was placed on the ballot by state lawmakers in part to discourage outside groups from asking voters for even more money in November. Cal 3 was a proposal to split the U.S. state of California into three states. 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