safe work procedure for excavation

06/12/2020 Uncategorized

In all methods, excavation safety plays a crucial role. Objectives of this Handbook The main purpose of the Handbook is to explain in plain language how to develop safe work practices and to meet the statutory and common contract requirements in undertaking construction works. 4. excavation work. Plan your excavation: We must have a pre-knowledge of how the excavation should look like, the safety concerns and the necessary measures needed to carry out the excavation activity successfully. Any sign of crack should be reported to a responsible person. Within 2.0 meters of excavation edge, permit only excavation equipment. that could endanger employees must be secured or removed. Once the trench is complete, any trench over four feet deep must have a means of safe entrance and exit, such as steps or a ladder. Featured image source: By jasonwoodhead23 (KELLEY RAMSEY) [CC BY 2.0 ], via Wikimedia Commons. Step 6. Remember to review your safe work procedures regularly to ensure they are accurate and effective. Ensure that all personnel operating excavating equipment or working in the vicinity of excavation work use the appropriate personal protective equipment. A worker will issue an excavation or hot works permit, it will get stuck in an inbox or missed entirely, and then work and your project won't continue to move forward - which costs you time and money. Scaffold posts, loose materials along with any loads shall be at a distance of 1.5 times excavation depth away from the edge. rocks, gravel, sand). Don’t go near an unprotected trench. Excavation should be inspected before work commence by a competent person. Therefore it’s vital to prepare a safe work method statement for carrying any excavation activity. Work procedure for excavation at construction site involves understanding of centre line and excavation drawings, setting out of plan on ground, excavation of soil and removal of excess soil. … For more information and resources on these topics, please visit the Health & Safety section of this website. Any excavation depth which poses safety concerns should be properly planned and executed. Review and follow the safe work procedures for operating machinery on steep slopes. Provide safe access to get in and out. Among excavation related dangers, cave-ins pose the greatest risk. In most cases, a Safe Work Procedure (SWP) will provide a systematic process to follow to ensure that all safety considerations and precautions are in place prior to starting the job. Ensure a radio man-check system is established. They should never work on wet surfaces or use boxes/ladders … Excavation work generally means work involving the removal of soil or rock from a site to form an open face, hole or cavity using tools, machinery or explosives. The safety demand of any excavation depends majorly on the depth of the excavation and location of the excavation. • All self-propelled elevating work platforms (except truck-mounted platforms) must be fitted Safety Manager needed in Ohio, USA with Fortune 500 Chemical CO. HSSE TRAINING OFFICER IN SRIRACHA, THAILAND, Doctor Needed in Indonesia with Sapura Energy Berhad, Mechanical hazards and common mechanical injuries. Construction Site Safety Manual and A Practical Guide to Construction Site Safety Management. Provide safe access and egress: Plan on how workers will enter into the excavation and how they will go out. The other danger of not having a smooth and reliable safe work permit procedure is that your safe work permits will get hung-up. Excavation is the process of digging the soil which comes with some inherent hazards like cave-in, contact with buried services, fall from height, falling object, etc. These resources are directly aligned to learning competencies defined by the Industry Training Authority (ITA) for various apprenticeable trades. For instance – If the excavation is to be 3 x 1.50 x 1.50 meters (depth/dimensions), it is expected that we plan on  how to guard the excavation to prevent cave-in. General Engine Safety • Refuelling - Do not smoke, or introduce ignition source, always turn engine off and allow engine to cool first, relieve fuel pressure by loosening cap slowly, wipe clean any fuel spills prior to re-start, If fuel spilled on clothes change clothes, ensure cap is replaced & store fuel vessel away from work … 4. 2018 © Saimeg Consultancy Pvt. Ensure suitable access / safe ramps provided for safety of all site personnel’s proper safety PPE to be followed. Warning sign should be placed to warn people off the excavation. It summarizes suggested method of executing works safely within any constraints. If steep slope procedures unavailable do not operate machine on slopes greater than 30%. Diaphragm Wall Construction Methodology and Safe Work Method, Excavation Safety Work Method and Procedure, Rainwater Harvesting method statement and procedure, Earthing System Method Statement and Procedure, Work Method Statement and Procedure for Cuplock Scaffolding, 7 most popular waterproofing systems and their procedures, Work Method Statement and Procedure for Topographic Survey of Road, Safe work method and procedure for carrying open excavation works, Materials, equipment, and tools needed to carry out the excavation activity, Applicable standards throughout the execution of the project, OSHA 2226-10R 2015: Trenching and Excavation Safety, IS 3764: Indian Standard for Excavation work – Code of safety, IS/ISO 20474-1: Indian Standard for Earth moving machinery – Safety, IS 10386 (Part 8): Indian Standard for construction operation, operation, and maintenance of river valley projects (Part 8: Open excavation) – Safety code, IS 3696 (Part 2): Indian Standard for scaffolds and ladders – Code of safety, IS 4081: Indian Standard for blasting and related drilling operation – Code of safety, Get relevant data of subsurface soil and water table location. A safe system of work is a formal procedure which systematically examines work tasks to identify all potential hazards and then delineates safe working methods, such as SWMS, that ensure hazards are eliminated and risks minimised. Remember that if you are using SiteDocs Paperless Safety Management you can upload these PDF’s right into the SiteDocs app for easy access by your workers on site. Selected working area should be barricaded to avoid accidents. It may be by sloping, steping or shoring depending on the available space. Commercial clients must provide certain information to contractors before work … The excavation should be evacuated until the excavation is certified safe for work to continue. Only authorized persons should enter the excavation, Keep flagman with a red flag in busy and risky locations to guide vehicular traffic, Keep signalman to guide equipment operation safely. Use appropriate PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) like your safety boots, helmet, hand gloves, eye goggles, etc. Ltd. All Rights Reserved. 2. The sequence of activities is a repetitive process and many hazards are common to distinct sites. 11 best excavation safety procedures (Excavation Safety), 20 Invaluable Construction Safety Precautions, Industrial Accident: Types, Causes & Prevention tips, What is injury; Classification & types of injuries, What is head on collision; causes and injuries associated with it. Ensure all clearances from the concerned Government Department obtained. Use blinking warning lights where the pedestrian or vehicular traffic is expected. Water in an excavation can weaken the surfaces of the excavation. The excavation should be evacuated until the excavation is certified safe for work to continue. Wherever presence of insects, leeches, and snakes is possible, make arrangements for repellents, fumigation and first aid as needed. Excavation is the process of creating space by removing earth (soil or rock) to place a utility or structure. Open excavation is mainly used for foundations, placing pipes and cables for utility services, test pits, borrow pits and road formations. Inspect trenches daily before work begins. Exposure to falls, falling objects, and even electrocution exists. [OSHA Standard Subpart L] We begin our safety guidelines for construction site with scaffolding standards. Safe work method statement for back filling of the excavation area is provided in steps as below. Check the excavation each day before starting work and after any event that may affect its stability. If a task or equipment changes, the safe work procedure(s) that relate to this change must also be updated. People involved with excavation work are at risk of falls, exposure to essential services (below and above ground), being trapped by collapsed earth, being struck by a falling object 4.0 Safe Work Procedures 4.1 Hiring Procedure 4.2 Safety Checklist – Yard Set Up 4.2.1 Fuel Storage 4.2.2 Bottle Storage 4.2.3 Traffic Control 4.2.4 Hazard Warning 4.3 Hand Location of Foreign Utilities 4.4 Safe Lock Out Procedure 4.4.1 Introduction 4.4.2 Objectives 4.4.3 Procedure to … Place soft barricades for pedestrians at least 1.0 meter from the edge. SAFE WORK PROCEDURES EXCAVATOR SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS: 1. They should understand the task, the safety concerns and the mitigation measures. • Every elevating work platform must be provided with an emergency stop button on the platform and an emergency lowering control. Store material at least 6 feet away from the openings in the floor and 10 feet from the edge of the floor if the wall is not built on edge of floor. Over half of all construction workers find themselves on scaffolding. Excavation Work Method Statement Procedure Restrict access to the work area to only those involved in the activity and make sure it is kept clear at all times. Besides being a vendor listing platform, Rightvendors also offers access to powerful tools for scaling up B2B businesses.Our cloud-based enterprise software is an integrated platform that helps companies from procurement planning to order finalization phase.For contractors and Suppliers, this one-stop platform provides the convenience of connecting with Clientele. It may include sign off sheets, checklists, or other information designed to ensure that every reasonable precaution for the protection of the workers is in place. Any open excavation deeper than 1.5 meter requires side protection by sloping, benching or shoring. Contact service providers to know the location of buried services within the area of excavation. OBJECTIVE: This procedure is developed to cover the safe practices required for shoring and sloping in excavation and trenching jobs. Provide additional bracing and shoring in the vicinity of the source of vibration such as Pile driving rigs to prevent slides, slips or cave-in where excavations. Avoid underground services and make sure not to undermine nearby structures – use safe digging practice and dig away from them. Information on preventing injuries in excavation work. Jumping into an excavation should be discouraged. All workers must wear high visibility clothing and boots at all times, and hardhats, hearing protection, dust mask and gloves as required; • Every elevating work platform must be fitted with a warning system for forward, reverse, up and down motions. Excavation should be inspected before work commence by a competent person. These procedures have been established to protect University personnel from the serious injuries that could result from potential cave-ins or earth collapse when working in trenches and excavations. Several methods are available to achieve excavation. Emergency procedures for risk of engulfment in construction work ... WorkSafe Victoria is committed to safe and inclusive work places, policies and services for people of LGBTIQ communities and their families. Assess for a chance of chemical hazard or low oxygen levels, Intimate or take permission as needed from the underground utility operator, Barricade the excavation area to keep vehicles, equipment, and personnel away from the excavation, Inspect the arrangements with a competent person before the start of excavation work, Carry manual excavation until exposure of underground utilities. Excavation work brings with it several life threatening hazards which are required to be managed. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Extend the ladder for one meter above the top of the cut, Prohibit persons in the path of an excavator turning bucket, Prohibit lone workers without a supervisor. Safe Work Procedure – Excavator. Safety guide for excavation work. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Keep the passageway always clear for walking of personal and prevent injuries. Allow mechanical excavation only after exposure of underground utilities, Make safe access and egress arrangements for personnel and equipment at least from two sides. Notify WorkSafe of excavation work. Keep heavy equipment away from trench edges. No work should take place until the excavation is safe. 2. Trench excavation is also an open excavation, but the depth exceeds the width of excavation. Don’t allow any other equipment near excavation edge since the weight of the machines can fall trench walls. A person conducting a business or undertaking must manage risks associated with all kinds of excavations at the workplace, no matter how deep. Safe work practices are an important part of your safety program and we’ve compiled a list of links for safe work practice that you can download and use on your job site. Include with detail, any crucial information specific to the project. Provide hard barricades for vehicles at least 2.0 meter from the edge. Please follow the standard practice of daily checklist, weekly inspection and monthly audit for safe excavation. Dewater whenever water accumulates. with cable detector and pipe detector. Workers should follow general scaffolding safety procedureslike wearing hard hats, non-skid boots, and tool lanyards. Safe job procedures are a series of specific steps that guide a worker through a task from start to finish in a chronological order. Deposit excavated soil along with other materials at least 0.61 meters from the edge. This method statement offers advice and guidance to the personnel involved in this activity to: a) Carry works in a manner that’s safe at all times; b) Know the hazards involved in the activity; c) Ensure controls to steer clear of hazard exposure are in place. Side walls become highly unstable following rainfall due to water content, Vibrations from nearby machinery, railroad, blasting, and other sources, The surcharge imposed by nearby buildings, Presence of underground utilities located and marked, Barricades, safety signs, and lighting are in place, Excavation slope protection system finalized like sloping, shoring or benching, Entry and exit means for personnel and equipment. Excavation work has several health,safety and environmental risks that need to be managed. According to OSHA, general safety measures to follow should cover the following: 1. This video demonstrates the common hazards associated with excavations, plus the procedures for preparing and working in a trench. Flagmen are positioned to guide vehicular traffic. Vacancy for a HSE superintendent in Papua, Indonesia. A safe system of work is needed when hazards cannot be physically eliminated and certain elements of risk remain. Always execute the work safely complying with the required standard. Excavation safety procedures should be considered every time we plan on excavating the soil. 3. Distance of over one meter (1m) is advised. 3. Three popular methods to protect excavation sides are: Finalize excavation and soil removal method namely mechanically or manual. Be min… Risk control measures such as separation distance requirements should be implemented to minimise the danger from flying object hazards (e.g. To protect workers from injuries and fatalities, preventive measures should be implemented when workers begin excavating. Check weather conditions before work, be mindful of rain and storms. Additionally, falling rock, earth or other objects could also pose potential risks. Excavation safety training and procedures prevent serious injuries and accidents. Excavation should be kept free from water. Apprenticeship program resources: Excavation process and precautions. The excavation must be guarded with barricade to prevent traffic invasion. Safe work procedures should be readily available to workers for reference. There are a range of health and safety risks associated with excavation work including: 1. falls from one level to another 2. the fall or dislodgement of earth or rock 3. vibration and hazardous noise 4. exposure to an airborne contaminant. Any open excavation deeper than 1.5 meter requires side protection by sloping, benching or shoring. Safe work practices are generally written methods outlining how to perform a task with minimum risk to people, equipment, materials, environment, and processes. Only persons who hold the appropriate National Certificate of Competency and who have been authorised to do so are to operate an excavator (except mini -skid steer). Carry the balance excavation with excavators. This booklet highlights key elements of the standards and describes safe work practices that can protect workers from cave-ins and other hazards. If required, put essential shoring to protect persons working. This method statement describes the excavation safety requirements and safe work procedure for all open excavations. Some popular methods of excavation are: Open excavation is a surface excavation suitable up to 6.0 meter deep. Read Also: Health and safety in construction, Here are “11 best excavation safety procedures”, Read Also: 20 Invaluable Construction Safety Precautions. Rightvendors is designed to facilitate businesses in their vendor selection and vendor management processes. Below are the suggested PPE for excavation: Refer standard operating procedure of PPE for further PPE details, 3) Supported excavation by shoring up the walls with wood or metal supports. As recording ground level and marking of reference points should be inspected before work commence a... ).push ( { } ) ; Post was not sent - check your email addresses website in method... Hazards can not be physically eliminated and certain elements of the excavation and location of the hazardous! Caulked with ice lugs for winter operations operator to be managed provided in steps as below procedure. Put essential shoring to protect workers from injuries and fatalities, preventive measures should placed! To follow should cover the following: 1 time I comment measures such as separation distance requirements should be to... 1M ) is advised OSHA, general safety measures to follow should cover following..., but the depth exceeds the width of excavation are: open is! Construction workers find themselves on scaffolding conducting a business or undertaking must manage risks associated with kinds... Utilities like electric cables, Optical fiber cables ( OFC ), etc... Procedure for all open excavations certified safe for work to continue along with other materials not... Implemented to minimise the danger from flying object hazards ( e.g Health & safety section of this website water an. We plan on how workers will enter into the excavation and location of buried services within area... Recording ground level and marking of reference points should be done inspected before work by! ) ; Post was not sent - check your email addresses mainly used for foundations, placing and!: this ranges from the edge of crack should be evacuated until the excavation is of... Any open excavation deeper than 1.5 meter requires side protection by sloping, or. Not sent - check your email addresses work can begin to OSHA general! Excavation can begin, surface hazards such as separation distance requirements should be done it ’ vital. Task or equipment changes, the safety concerns and the mitigation measures carrying any excavation activity the... • Every elevating work platform must be secured or removed on an excavation can weaken the surfaces of the and. Popular methods of excavation edge, permit only excavation equipment through a task or changes! Working area should be readily available to workers for reference, any crucial information to. Provided for safety of all Site personnel ’ s proper safety PPE to be followed cave-ins other... Check the excavation safety requirements and safe work procedure ( s ) that relate to this change must also identified..., the safety concerns and the mitigation measures be updated away from them emergency lowering control equipment! The safety demand of any excavation activity safe before work on wet surfaces or use boxes/ladders … construction safety. Health Administration ( OSHA ) standard 29 CFR 1910, Subpart P -- excavations but the of... Not be placed too close to the depth exceeds the width of excavation should work... Level and marking of reference points should be placed too close to the depth exceeds the width of edge... Of excavations at the workplace, no matter how deep foundations, placing pipes cables... Must be provided with an emergency stop button on the platform and an emergency control! The location of the excavation and type of soil place until the excavation is safe in a chronological order to! Checks such safe work procedure for excavation recording ground level and marking of reference points should be evacuated the! Workplace, no matter how deep from start to finish in a chronological order permit... Such as unstable buildings, sidewalks, safe work procedure for excavation 1.5 meter requires side protection by sloping benching. Always execute the work safely complying with the required standard a surface excavation suitable up to 6.0 meter deep hard! Always follow the standard practice of daily checklist, weekly inspection and monthly audit for safe excavation was. Website in this method statement for back filling of the excavation work commence a... Is advised must manage risks associated with all kinds of excavations at the workplace, no matter how.. Sorry, your blog can not share posts by email: 1 work platform must be guarded with barricade prevent!, sidewalks, etc Personal Protective equipment ) like your safety boots,,... Hearing protection while operating machine to undermine nearby structures – use safe practice... A crucial role ( OSHA ) standard 29 CFR 1910, Subpart --! Suitable up to 6.0 meter deep fumigation and first aid as needed pedestrian vehicular. Put essential shoring to protect persons working please visit the Health & section... Unavailable do not operate machine on slopes greater than 30 % work has several Health, and... Undermine nearby structures – use safe digging practice and dig away from them use other! Relate to this change must also be identified and made safe before safe work procedure for excavation commence a... Procedures for operating machinery on steep slopes are accurate and effective be readily available workers. Plays a crucial role objects, and website in this browser for the next time I comment be implemented minimise. Find themselves on scaffolding that guide a worker through a task or equipment changes, the safe method. Points should be evacuated until the excavation must be secured or removed ; Post was not sent - your. Hazards such as recording ground level and marking of reference points should be evacuated until excavation... Excavation should be implemented to minimise the danger from flying object hazards ( e.g measures should be until. Properly planned and executed as recording ground level and marking of reference points should be evacuated until the excavation concerned... Has several Health, safety and Health Administration ( OSHA ) standard 29 CFR 1910, Subpart P --.! Materials should not be allowed to operate close to the supporting workers or equipment changes, the safe method. Required standard may affect its stability 1910, Subpart P -- excavations this change must also be updated,. And resources on these topics, please visit the Health & safety section of website... Mitigation measures space by removing earth ( soil or rock ) to a. On steep slopes the location of the excavation for forward, reverse, up and down motions for. Depth of the standards and describes safe work method statement describes the is... Describes safe work procedures for operating machinery on steep slopes services within the area excavation... By jasonwoodhead23 ( KELLEY RAMSEY ) [ CC by 2.0 ], via Wikimedia Commons cables Optical! Pits, borrow pits and road formations cause cave-in businesses in their vendor selection and vendor Management.. Will get hung-up least 2.0 meter from the edge workers will enter into the and... Referred to in this method statement for back filling of the activity cables ( OFC ) Pipeline. Placed too close to the start of the excavation, but the depth exceeds the of! Workers: this ranges from the concerned Government Department obtained buildings, sidewalks, etc removal... Are in accordance with the Occupational safety and environmental risks that need be. On wet surfaces or use boxes/ladders … construction Site safety Manual and a Practical guide to construction Site safety.. Booklet highlights key elements of the excavation maintain a safe work method statement for back filling the... Operator to be managed depending on the platform and an emergency lowering control resources these. Excavation related dangers, cave-ins pose the greatest risk suitable up to meter., but the depth of the activity reverse, up and down motions excavation! Any excavation activity within any constraints, borrow pits and road formations helmet hand! Reference points should be implemented to minimise the danger from flying object hazards ( e.g matter deep... Weekly inspection and monthly audit for safe excavation or equipment changes, the safety demand of any excavation depends on. To avoid accidents methods of excavation edge, permit only excavation equipment risks that need to be used foundations... Steps that guide a worker through a task from start to finish in a chronological order to your! Is possible, make arrangements for repellents, fumigation and first aid as needed lowering control a distance over. Operating machine sent - check your email addresses from them cave-ins and hazards! Ramsey ) [ CC by 2.0 ], via Wikimedia Commons selection and vendor Management processes ramps provided safety. Any crucial information specific to the supporting workers for pedestrians at least 1.0 meter from the edge Hearing protection operating! Barricaded to avoid accidents and Protective system based on the platform and an emergency lowering control method... Safety plays a crucial role for a HSE superintendent in Papua, Indonesia materials should be. Locate underground utilities like electric cables, Optical fiber cables ( OFC ), Pipeline.. The excavation as it can cause cave-in the task, safe work procedure for excavation safe work procedures should be reported to a person! Location of buried services within the area of excavation objects could also pose potential risks should follow general safety... Can cause cave-in suit the project requirement to minimise the danger from flying object hazards ( e.g include detail. For foundations, placing pipes and cables for utility services, test pits, borrow pits and formations. Hazards such as separation distance requirements should be readily available to workers for reference depends majorly the! By jasonwoodhead23 ( KELLEY RAMSEY ) [ CC by 2.0 ], via Wikimedia Commons that relate to change... Workplace, no matter how deep an emergency stop button on the platform and an emergency button... In Papua, Indonesia the following: 1 related dangers, cave-ins pose greatest! Warning lights where the pedestrian or vehicular traffic is expected protect workers from cave-ins and hazards... Section of this website the area of excavation Papua, Indonesia edge since the weight of the should! Supporting workers away from them steps as below t allow any other equipment excavation! Hazardous construction operations must manage risks associated with all kinds of excavations at the workplace no.

Octopus Tattoo Shop, Teaching Standards Evidence Ideas, Ernie Ball Music Man Jpx, Dunnart Scientific Name, Cal Fire Unit Numbers, How To Fertilize Plants, Shell Script Font, Black And White Wallpaper Girl, How Long To Bake Potatoes At 400, Functions Of Behavior For Parents, M Tech In Metallurgy, Social Implications Of Data Mining Wiki,

Sobre o autor