The DepEd used 12 major languages when it introduced the mother tongue based-multi-lingual education (MTB-MLE) last school year. Another challenge the project addressed was the fact that most classrooms didn’t have any books in the local mother tongue, limiting opportunities for students to practice reading. Mother tongue instruction in Lubu agan: A case study from the Philippines. According to OECD, there is a strong link between education and economic growth. Enablers and Constraints of an Effective and Sustainable Mother Tongue-based Multilingual Education Policy in the Philippines But this changed in 2012 when the Philippines government passed a wide-ranging education reform bill that, among many changes, adopted mother tongue instruction for kindergarten through grade 3. Hiligaynon. For decades, teachers taught exclusively in Filipino and English—even though most children spoke one of the Philippines’ 19 major local languages at home. This model promotes language of instruction in the mother tongue of the school district, rather than Filipino (Tagalog) or English. This is part of UNESCO Bangkok’s regional study that involves four countries, namely The reluctance of educators and administrators does not necessarily mean resistance. In speaking with my father about his education, he explained that, âall the textbooks were American, from U.S. companies, including history books. Generally, errors made in pronunciation are due to difference in the sound system and spelling symbols between the mother tongue and English. Listed in the figure from top to bottom: Bikol, Cebuano, Hiligaynon (Ilonggo), Ilocano, Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Tagalog, and Waray. Starting School Year (SY) 2012-2013, the Mother Tongue-Based-Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) shall be implemented in all public schools, specifically in Kindergarten, Grades 1, 2 and 3 as part of the K to 12 Basic Education Program. The second main component of the bill addresses the linguistic discrimination that occurs in emphasizing English education, by implementing Mother Tongue Based, Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE). In the Philippines, the DepEd K-12 curriculum has embraced a mother tongue based education to help children feel at home in their schools and, at the same time, preserve and nurture the various languages of the country. 60–64). The United States ranks #28. For instance, as of 2011, the House government in the Philippines was still investigating instances when children in primary school were punished for not speaking English (To learn more about this phenomenon, click here). 1. Find out when Poetry Extra is on TV, including Mother Tongue - The Observing Eye. Guzman went on to say, despite the challenges, âHopefully we will be able to fully comply with the mother tongue intervention in the curriculum by the 2nd quarter.â. âMother tongueâ is interpreted by some as the cultural language, but others as the language taught from birth, regardless of whether it is part of traditional heritage. In the Philippines, the DepEd K-12 curriculum has embraced a mother tongue based education to help children feel at home in their schools and, at the same time, preserve and nurture the various languages of the country. Summary of key findings 31 4. They may not see the need to pass it on to the next generation, causing eventual language endangerment for minority languages, a significant cultural loss. But this changed in 2012 when the Philippines government passed a wide-ranging education reform bill that, among many changes, adopted mother tongue instruction for kindergarten through grade 3. All Rights Reserved. This is the list of recognized regional languages in the Philippines as ordered and permitted by the Department of Education (Philippines) under the Mother Tongue-Based Multi-Lingual Education (MTB-MLE) strategy: Aklanon; Bikol; Cebuano; Chavacano; Hiligaynon; Ibanag; Ilocano; Ivatan; Kapampangan; Kinaray-a; Maguindanao; Maranao; Pangasinan; Sambal; Surigaonon; Tagalog; Tausug “I am four times as old as you were when I was as old as you are now.” If English is not your mother tongue and if you could comprehend the meaning of the above sentence at first instance, then you are truly exceptional. Some governments, such as in the Philippines, have recently established language-in-education policies that embrace children’s first languages. Filipino words for mother tongue include inang-wika and ina dila. English and mother-tongue-based multilingual education: Language attitudes in the Philippines Ahmar Mahboob University of Sydney [email protected] Priscilla Cruz Ateneo de Manila University [email protected] In this paper, we will problematize the proposed use of mother-tongue-based instruction in the Philippines. Diliman, Quezon City: 170+ Talaytayan MLE. Through Department Order 94, DepEd instituted Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE), with the following major languages as languages of instruction in 2012-2013: Tagalog, Kapampangan, Pangasinense, Iloko, Bikol, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Waray, Tausug, Maguindanaoan, Maranao, Chabacano, Ivatan, Sambal, Akianon, Kinaray-a, Yakan, and Sinurigaonon. There are some 120 to 187 languages spoken in the Philippines, depending on the method of classification. There is a growing trend around the world to support mother tongue instruction in the early years of a child‘s education. And crucially, this bill has opened up a national dialogue about the linguistic diversity in the country and how to deal with homogenous English-based education. Still, the constitutional declaration of these two languages as official and the other languages as auxiliary takes a discriminatory tone when looking at how it resonates in other policies and in the public sphere. The Philippines commenced its implementation of the mother tongue-based multilingual education (MTB-MLE) program as part of its comprehensive K to 12 education reform in 2012. The mother tongue is the most effective bridge to and foundation for the learning of other languages like English. There is a growing trend around the world to support mother tongue instruction in the early years of a childâs education. The most common reason is transfer or interference from the mother tongue. So Basa pulled together a team of local illustrators and writers to produce reading materials. Almost all are Malayo-Polynesian languages native to the archipelago. As a regular practice the teacher is seen as a model for correct speaking in class. There are two major components of the bill that dramatically change the format of Philippine schools, starting in 2012. To investigate how the use of the mother tongue (MT) â¦ ), Starting where the children are: A collection of essays and mother tongue-based multilingual education and language issues in the Philippines (pp. Besides, Kiswahili was compulsory in grade 1-8 (Republic of Kenya, 1981). The DepEd said this brought to 19 the number of major local languages used as medium of instruction from Kinder to Grade 3. Polinar’s approach is a remarkable departure from how literacy used to be taught in the Philippines. As a subject, mother-tongue education focuses on the development of speaking, reading and writing from Grades 1 to 3 in the mother tongue. “This partnership has shown that a mother tongue-based education policy can bring about real literacy gains,” says Ochoa. Rechelle Guzman, member of the chamber of commerce in Pampanga, Philippines, elaborated on the difficulty of the language training adjustment in particular. As a medium of instruction, the mother tongue is used in all learning areas from Kindergarten to Grade 3, except in the teaching of Filipino and English subjects, the report said. However, these other languages will be taught and incorporated into the curriculum gradually. 74 (DepEd, 2009). Since 2013, Basa Pilipinas has improved literacy instruction for 1.8 million students in over 3,000 schools. Given this legacy, the reformed DepEd has sought to address the criticism of not providing a good enough base for those wishing to pursue a university education. However, it spread to neighboring islands and in the northern and eastern parts of Mindanao. As a medium of instruction, the mother tongue is used in all learning areas from Kindergarten to Grade 3, except in the teaching of Filipino and English subjects. Its significance is underscored by the passing of Republic Act 10523, otherwise known as the “Enhanced Basic Educatiion Act of 2013.” Those with reluctance can take comfort in the success of those who had implemented a MTB-MLE system prior to the legislation. //-->. Report), mother tongue was the medium of instruction in grade 1-3 and English was the medium of instruction in grades 4-8. International Review of Educa tion, 57 (5-6), 667-6 83. (c) Make education learner-oriented and responsive to the needs, cognitive and cultural capacity, the circumstances and diversity of learners, schools and communities through the appropriate languages of teaching and learning, including mother tongue as a … âThere are no available modules and materials or books to support our Mother tongue (Kapampangan) curriculum.â Without the proper tools, the legislationâs implementation is in danger of losing its effectiveness. To: Undersecretaries Assistant Secretaries Bureau Directors Regional Directors Schools Division/City Superintendents. With the establishment of the Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) in 2009 and its implementation in 2011, math and science have been taught in nineteen official mother tongues in the Philippines. “DepEd’s multilingual approach to literacy works when teachers and classrooms are well supported. Since program implementation, the Department of Education (DepEd) has … Episode guide, trailer, review, preview, cast list and where to stream it on demand, on catch up and download. Benefits of Mother Tongue As Medium of Instruction. The UN has come out in support of the move, because their own objective is to enhance education, with the belief that there needs to be national recognition of linguistic minorities. â¦ The current initiatives to establish mother tongue-based education reconfigure the terms of engagement in Philippine postcolonial language politics: it must account for the fact that the mother tongues could be the rightful media of instruction. Cultural and linguistic diversity are special resources of humanity. Report), mother tongue was the medium of instruction in grade 1-3 and English was the medium of instruction in grades 4-8. Showing page 1. It was also the language of the Philippine Revolution, and the 1899 Malolos Constitution effectively proclaimed it as the official language of the First Philippine Republic. But this changed in 2012 when the Philippines government passed a wide-ranging education reform bill that, among many changes, adopted mother tongue instruction for kindergarten through grade 3. The language being taught all over the Philippines is Tagalog and English. Classrooms at her school have cozy reading corners stocked with books. The study also showed substantial gains in reading comprehension, with current students’ performance on a comprehension task 14 percent higher than that of a previous cohort. In Southeast Asia, this is apparent in a rising number of educational programs that utilize this approach. MOTHER TONGUE-BASED MULTILINGUAL EDUCATION AMONG “There is no learning at all if a child can’t read and comprehend.”. There is also support for this method from the United Nations (UN), in their âEducation for Allâ program. At this stage, however, many of our lawmakers and national leaders still hold on to the unfounded but long-held belief that an English-dominated initial basic education will â¦ /*Before submit, if you want to trigger your event, "include your code here"*/ However, a singular wish to teach children English at all costs, when coupled with punishment for using oneâs mother tongue, is both psychologically and culturally damaging.