The Ecology of the History Job: Shifting Realities in a Fluid Market (December 2011) Job Market Sagged Further in 2009–10 (January 2011) A Grim Year on the Academic Job Market for Historians (January 2010) Figure: Trends in History PhDs Awarded and Job Openings Advertised, 1970-71 … Please read our commenting and letters policy before submitting. Historically, most students earning PhDs in art history have planned to become university professors. From the beginning of European settlement in what became the United States, labor markets were characterized by the scarcity of labor in relation to abundant land and natural resources. Ads for jobs beyond the professoriate, in particular, dropped from 59 to 51, accounting for much of the overall decrease. Current Job Market Candidates. Harrisburg University of Science and Technology, Indiana University of Pennsylvania-Main Campus, Indiana University-Purdue University-Fort Wayne, Indiana University-Purdue University-Indianapolis, Instructional technology / distance education, Louisiana State University and Agricultural & Mechanical College, Marketing / public relations / government relations. Among the signs of difficulty for academic-job candidates today and into the near future: (1) the number of positions advertised with the AHA over the past year fell for the third year in a row, (2) the number of tenured and tenure-track faculty lines fell slightly over the past five years, and (3) evidence indicates that a relatively small share of full-time faculty will be approaching retirement within the next decade.1. First, the recent past. History majors and enrollments have declined even faster than that, “as general education requirements have shifted and data showing positive career outcomes for history majors have been ignored.”, While academic hiring doesn’t directly follow these trends, Ruediger wrote, faculty members “consistently report feeling that their ability to make the case for replacing or adding tenure lines hinges on the number of students enrolling in history courses or, in some cases, the number of majors.”. The median age of all new history PhDs reported in the Survey of Earned Doctorates has been two to three years higher than this for the past three decades, but the findings in the survey suggest that scholars who are younger when they complete the PhD are more likely to find their way into tenure-track positions. References : Ernst Fehr. Tabulations for the years 1973 to 2013 were drawn using the National Science Foundation’s WebCASPAR system at ncsesdata.nsf.gov/webcaspar. (For comparison, while 10 percent of the listed faculty in the Directory were employed in part-time or adjunct positions, a recent survey of faculty at four-year institutions found approximately 28 percent of faculty members employed in those positions. The Directory currently contains entries from 640 college and university history departments. Employment & Careers The career choices available to History graduates are broad. Job Market Slack Is History Faster wage growth shows the labor market has tightened to the point where the only way companies can get more workers is to pay them more See Table HDS-H2 at humanitiesindicators.org/content/indicatordoc.aspx?i=626. And as the job market has improved more broadly, it seems the awful unemployment rates young grads experienced post-recession really are finally fading into memory. Faculty listed in joint appointments are not included in the faculty counts above, since the nature of the appointments and the division of responsibilities between departments could not be determined. From the late 1990s to 2008, job advertisements listed with the AHA reached unprecedented heights as a result of a significant wave of retirements. For analyses of the past two years of jobs data, see Allen Mikaelian, “The Academic Job Market’s Jagged Line: Number of Ads Placed Drops for Second Year,” Perspectives on History, September 2014, historians.org/publications-and-directories/ perspectives-on-history/september-2014/the-academic-job-markets-jagged-line; and Allen Mikaelian, “The 2013 Jobs Report: Number of AHA Ads Dip, New Experiment Offers Expanded View,” Perspectives on History, January 2014, historians.org/publications-and-directories/perspectives-on-history/january-2014/the-2013-jobs-report-number-of-aha-ads-dip-new-experiment-offers-expanded-view. L. Maren Wood and Robert B. Townsend, The Many Careers of History PhDs: A Study of Job Outcomes, Spring 2013, available through the AHA website at historians.org/manycareers. Robert Townsend, director of the Washington office of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, is currently completing the 2017-18 departmental survey of faculties in the humanities fields. Those with a master’s degree or Ph.D. should have the best job opportunities. One of the dominant themes of American history is the process of European settlement (and the concomitant displacement of the native population). Study conducted for the American Academy of Arts Sciences’ Humanities Indicators Project. (Courtesy: University of Akron), University of Cincinnati-Blue Ash College, University of Cincinnati-Clermont College, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, University of Colorado BioFrontiers Institute, University of Colorado Denver/Anschutz Medical Campus, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of Maryland University College, University of Massachusetts Medical School, University of North Carolina at Asheville, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, University of North Carolina at Wilmington, University of North Carolina School of the Arts, University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh Campus. Robert B. Townsend and Julia Brookins | Finance Job Rumors (309,297) General Economics Job Market Discussion (625,689) Micro Job Rumors (13,347) Macro Job Rumors (8,394) European Job Market (79,696) China Job Market (53,443) Industry Rumors (20,989) With consistent job gains this far into the longest economic recovery in U.S. history, the October employment data make it clear that the American labor market remains strong. The largest of the topical specializations was the history of religion (accounting for 3.6 percent of the advertised positions). They work during school hours but may also work evenings and weekends to prepare lessons and grade papers. Founding Director Alan Lightman is pictured on the center right. As they did last year, when the AHA began tracking jobs by institution type, research universities dominated academic hiring: 56 percent of all tenure-track positions in 2018-19 were at research universities, according to the report, as were 51 percent of full-time, non-tenure-track positions and two-thirds of all senior hires. Job Market Paper: “Pricing-to-Market, Imperfect Financial Market Integration, and Optimal Monetary Policy” Areas of Concentration: International Macroeconomics, Business Cycle and Monetary Policy in Open Economies References: Charles Engel, Kenneth West, Jian Wang Departments appear less likely to include lists of faculty members on short-term contracts and in positions that are often filled at the last minute. Labor scarcity raised labor productivity and enabled ordinary Americans to enjoy a higher standard of liv… Placement Officers: Pete Klenow 650-725-2620 [email protected] Placement Administrator: Susie Gilbert 650-725-6198 [email protected] The entries are (with a single exception) from four-year institutions, meaning we have no data on staffing patterns at the two-year institutions that serve so many American college students and employ many non–tenure-track instructors. 2019-20 Candidates. The class of 2020 is unsure and anxious about their professional prospects as they graduate college into a labor market ravaged by the coronavirus pandemic. Here are a few more observations from Friday’s report: Earnings rise: Average earnings rose 7 cents an hour in April, to $26.19. Feb 5, 2016, The academic job market in history remains quite challenging for recent PhDs, and evidence from the AHA’s Directory of History Departments, Historical Organizations, and Historians (the Directory) indicates that these challenges are likely to persist. Jerry Brown rallying support for Proposition 30 on election eve, Grand Valley State University - College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Grossmont-Cuyamaca Community College District. In 2015, 24 percent of full-time faculty members were at the rank of assistant professor—a drop of 4 percentage points from 2010 and the lowest level in the 15 years surveyed. Questions have persisted about the effects of the Great Recession and whether full-time faculty lines in history are being eliminated or replaced with part-time and adjunct appointments. He had a PhD from a top history program, and his dissertation advisers were famous intellectuals, but he knew that the job market was tight. Whether this trend reflects a move to share labor costs among college and university departments that otherwise could not afford to hire, or a growth in interdisciplinarity, remains a subject for further exploration. Robert B. Townsend is the author of History’s Babel: Scholarship, Professionalization, and the Historical Enterprise, 1880–1940 (Univ. Comparative data taken from the 2014 federal Survey of Earned Doctorates, Table 13, available at www.nsf.gov/statistics/2016/nsf16300/data/tab13.pdf. The European Center for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES) of the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) invites applications for a post-doctoral position in the field of fields of economic history, family/demographic economics, and/or development economics.. 10. On the contrary, the labor market improvements of the past eight years have set off a chain of events that should lead to an even stronger job market in 2019. Or, put more plainly, 128 positions advertised with the AHA sought a geographic specialty in US history a year after 433 people graduated with US history doctorates.6. Researchers examined the level of racial discrimination in the United States labor market by randomly assigning identical résumés black-sounding or white-sounding names and observing the impact on requests for interviews from employers. In comparison, the percentage of job advertisements for other geographic fields were comparable to their shares among recent PhDs. 311 History faculty positions at colleges and universities on HigherEdJobs.com. fields, source:iStock.com/clu uses: library digitization, source:iStock.com/CurvaBezier uses:federal funded programs, source:iStock.com/maxuser uses: academy-industry relationships, source:iStock.com/MTMCOINS uses: sergeant, source:iStock.com/SimplyCreativePhotography uses: student finance, source:iStock.com/tillsonburg uses: strikes, source:Wikipedia caption: Notre Dame Quad, source:Wikipedia/Lakshmansrikanth uses: law library, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, South Metropolitan Higher Education Consortium, South Orange County Community College District, Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville, State University of New York at New Paltz, Stella and Charles Guttman Community College, Student Community College of Baltimore County, Students at Community College of Baltimore County, SUNY College of Agriculture and Technology at Cobleskill, SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Tressel speaks to students on campus. History jobs report indicates that the market may be stabilizing and could do so further as the number of new Ph.D.s continues to decline. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. On H-Net, the number of history job ads dropped by about 9 percent. The annual Survey of Earned Doctorates (www.sedsurvey.org) provides the best measure of new history PhDs potentially entering the job market, since it allows new doctoral degree recipients to self-define the discipline of their degree and captures students who are earning degrees outside core history departments. The US job market had its worst month in history, but Apple and Amazon are still hiring The coronavirus put at least 33 million people out of work and pushed unemployment to … “The concentration of tenure-track positions at research universities, should it continue, clearly pertains to Ph.D. candidates entering the academic job market.”, Over all, Ruediger wrote, “We are now entering our second decade of anemic academic hiring, during which thousands of early-career historians have experienced disappointment, anger, and despair at the limited number of entry points into stable faculty employment.” This should “prompt us to recognize the accomplishments of historians building careers and contributing to our community from outside the professoriate: we will need their help to demonstrate the value of historical thinking beyond the academy.”, Even so, he said, “majors and undergraduate enrollments remain the foundation of the discipline within higher education, and improving the faculty market means strengthening that foundation.”, In good news, there are signs that years of declines in enrollments and majors may be leveling off and even beginning to “rebound,” Ruediger said. Among the full-time faculty members listed in the departments, there was also a notable shift in balance between the ranks (fig. 8. Job Prospects. R ecent trends in the AHA’s Directory underscore some of the larger currents in the profession that are responsible for the depressed rates of new job openings. Labour markets or job markets function through the interaction of workers and employers. Resources for Graduate Students Prof. Armin Schmutzler. 9. Job Market. The number of faculty job openings listed with the American Historical Association in the 2011-12 academic year was up 18 percent. Your one-stop site for job vacancy, employment, career tips and latest news for the working forces. But the decline for 2017-18 was “significantly smaller than it was in 2016-17, when both editions, English and languages other than English, suffered a drop of 11.5 percent.” In 2017-18, meanwhile, “the number of English positions dropped from 837 to 828 (a 1.1 percent decline), and the number of positions in languages dropped from 808 to 770 (a 4.7 percent decline).”. The current age profile of historians in academia represents a significant challenge for doctoral students focused on academic employment and the departments preparing them, as it suggests that the ebb in open tenure-track positions is likely to linger over the next decade. T he recent drop in the share of faculty at the assistant professor level points to a larger shift in demographics, which suggests deeper challenges for new PhDs looking to enter academia in the near future. The new data appeared in the American Historical Association’s annual jobs report, released Wednesday. “But challenges to the discipline remain considerable: arguing for the value of that discipline is work we must do together.”, The Modern Language Association released its annual jobs report in November. University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma, University of South Florida-Sarasota-Manatee, University of South Florida-St Petersburg, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, West Valley/Mission Community College District, West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine, New Model Proposed for College Football's Biggest Players, National Academies Release Guidance on Altering Student Behavior, COVID Testing, Job Transitions for Skilled Workers Without Degrees, Financial Aid Officers Could Use Powers to Help Students, Paper Says, Open Letters Take Aim at Marquette Budget Cuts, Samford Sues Former Student for Fraternity House Damage. Contingent positions -- instructors, lecturers, clinical professors and visiting appointments -- made up 28 percent of full-time faculty positions advertised last year, unchanged from 2017-18. Another 9.0 percent of advertisers searched for an Asian history specialist (slightly higher than the 6.6 percent share of new PhDs), and around 5 percent each for specialists in the history of Latin America and the Middle East or North Africa (slightly below the 6.6 and 6.2 percent shares, respectively, among new PhDs). The estimate for 2013–14 is based on the growth between 2012–13 and 2013–14 in the number of reported history PhDs in the narrower Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) degree completions survey, downloaded from the IPEDS Data Center at nces.ed.gov/ipeds/ datacenter. Among job openings that specified a particular geographic specialization, 21.8 percent sought a specialist in the history of North America, significantly below the share of history PhDs—36.5 percent—specializing in that field in 2014. But the trend here is notable, with the number rising from 654 in 2000 to 802 in 2010, and reaching 862 in the current Directory. A graduating history major possesses a vast number of career options. What can a History graduate do? The number of advertised full-time faculty jobs in history declined slightly last year, after increasing slightly the year before. For now, though, the job market remains on solid footing. Tenure-track jobs declined from 320 to 318, as postdoctoral fellowships rose from 78 to 79, and non-tenure-track positions increased from 91 to 92. For the sixth year in a row, that MLA report says, the number of positions advertised in the MLA Job Information List (JIL) decreased. In comparison, 37 percent of full-time faculty were at the rank of associate professor (up 8 percentage points from 2000), with 39 percent at the rank of full professor (also the lowest level since 2000). Employing History (EH): A Guide to Graduate School and Navigating the Job Market is a handbook for graduate students and early career historians. 2). Available November 2020 for positions in Summer/Fall 2021. He was still … Digital history was the predominant professional skill sought by advertisers (serving as the primary criteria for 2.6 percent of the openings, and mentioned as a beneficial skill in an additional 5.5 percent of the listings). Yet the relative stability in job numbers in 2018-19 signals that the history job market is normalizing after years of steep declines prior to 2017-18. Please read our commenting and letters policy before submitting. High school teachers work in schools. Faculty listings for 556 US history departments from the past 15 years provide a partial answer to these questions. Approximately 1,183 new PhDs were conferred in history in the 2013–14 academic year.5 An added challenge is the imbalance between the specializations among new job openings in comparison to recent PhDs, particularly for specialists in US history. Julia Brookins is special projects coordinator at the AHA. The data reported here represent academic positions that have been advertised with the AHA; this is a subset within the broad range of jobs that historians pursue and perform. It’s “no blip,” Ruediger explained, as the annual number of new history Ph.D.s has declined 15 percent over all since 2014, reflecting “programmatic decisions made five to seven years earlier.”, The “shrinking size of Ph.D. programs is a lagging indicator of a discipline with a diminished footprint inside American colleges and universities,” the report says. 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