floral biology of mango ppt

06/12/2020 Uncategorized

The pollen grains are oval, or triangular or oblong. Plants were transferred into controlled environment glasshouse rooms under day/night temperature regimes of 15/5, 20/10, 25/15 and 30/20°C for 20 weeks. Exocarp or Epicarp:This is the outermost layer of the pericarp that forms the skin. 0000083843 00000 n H��WM����ﯘ#��B|C�Dև#[�T����� `�`Wԯu*��]�S�{^�ҕ�jU$���~��u����e)��N>S��E%[]�L�������g�m�7��eY����>��Iʢ��Y��Mu���IYnp�����o?��`n���OC���lj���_�h��c�y�])ꖽ;�L�Jo�x�i~Z> ��6H����d���w7��͉ub����A��$�"{? Floral biology 1. Staminodes. 0000001763 00000 n The total number of flowers in a panicle may vary from 1000 to 6000, depending on the cultivar (Mukherjee, 1953). It includes 80 genera and over 600 species according to Jones and Liechsinger (1987). [�E�/^��^�~�������%A����ϟ1/��cI�EJ��x��Y�����]�ϟ�� QߏΕ�ι�j$����S�U6�3E9ֽ��.�?.F��(��g��?���?��4��:��%������o���U�?l������$�j��*E�eT��B�@l�cwX��q�����QP"�k��l����b�����@���i Mango flowers are either male (staminate) or hermaphroditic, containing both stamens and carpels (perfect). 0000004286 00000 n Majority of the flowers started opening at night and continued in the day. �zZP!5����+L]��;ש�eIw�ր 0000003232 00000 n CRUCIFARAE EUFORBIACEAE COMPOSITEAE 3. The land elevation should be 600 meters above sea level, even the height of 800 meters is tolerable by the tree. Das et al. endobj The mango is polygamous and produces its flowers on terminal panicles varying in length from a few inches up to two feet. Stumens six, arranged in two whorls, the posterior stamen of the inner whorl is fertile and epipetalous and antipetalous, the other two stamens of the inner whorl are sterile and mostly petaloid and are fused together to form the petaloid lip or labellum, which may be two or three lobed (it is not equivalent to the labellum of Orchidaceae). (1999) reported floral biology in four cultivars of ginger (Bhaisey, Ernad Chernad, Gurubathan and Turia local). Fruit Science 3. endobj 2. The Flower: A flower is modified shoot. The biology of mango (mangifera indica) flowers in Sindh-Pakistan. Floral biology of mango Mango trees are generally polygamous in nature bearing male and hermaphrodite flowers on the same inflorescence i.e. The pericarp layer is actually the outer wall of the ovary from which the fruit developed. stream 1 2. of floral appendages On the basis of position of calyx, corolla, androecium with respect of ovary Actinomorphic Flowering in the field commenced in May and reached its peak in July or August. ]�`��r�#" They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. Flowers may be unisexual or bisexual, bracteate or ebracteate. Floral Biology and Fruit Set of Mango (Mangifera indicaL.) They found that anthesis under greenhouse and field conditions took place at around 1:00 to 2:00 p.m., under the coastal Orissa situations. Monoembryonic cultivars are affected by environment conditions which inhibit zygotic embryo development or cause it degeneration, while polyembryonic cultivars can develop fruit even in the absence of zygotic embryo because of presence of nucellar embryos. (Horti.) 1 0 obj Each panicle carries from 200 or 300 up to more than 4000 flowers, of which only 2 or 3 per cent are perfect in some varieties, or as many as 60 to 75 per cent in others. PHYSIOLOGY OF MANGO FLOWERING Individual stems borne on branches of mango trees are in rest or a quiescent mode most of the time. Propagation is by grafting or budding. 367-378, May 2005 ISSN 1516-8913 Printed in Brazil BR AZ IL N RCHVES OF BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL Floral Biology and Behavior of Africanized Honeybees Apis mellifera in Soybean (Glycine max L. Merril) MANGO Mangefera indica Family : Anacardiaceae Floral biology Flower starts opening early in the morning from 4-7 a.m. and maximum flowers open between 9.30-10.30 a.m. and complete 11.a.m. The mango inflorescence is primarily terminal, although axillary and multiple panicles may also arise from axillary buds. 4 0 obj Floral biology of rapeseed flowers a) Anthesis and stigma receptivity Floral development was studied in the pre-anthesis flower buds (minimum of five) of 10 plants. 0000084784 00000 n 0000007561 00000 n M. Sc. Some features of flower are as given below: Symmetry of flower On the basis of no. "v. � ��x�k��|��"0h���� �8$i�a\����p�K���q��"�s�)���$q���1��!o{�K`�"��T8�ֈ��0v�� ��H��a��W� D�M�0)��)��/S���� In the past mango genotypes have been characterized by usually morphological traits which are used Both perfect (hermaphrodite) and staminate (male) flowers occur in the same inflorescence. Stamen . Maximum anthesis was observed before 8:00 AM and anther dehiscence between 11:00 AM and 12:00 PM in all … Aspects of the reproductive biology of the mango cultivar 'Kensington Pride' were studied at Gin Gin, 100 km north of Perth (latitude 31° 20'S) during the course of two flowering seasons, 1988 and 1989. 0000004630 00000 n Dehiscence of anthers takes place at 11.30 a.m. and it continues up to 3.45 p.m. 0000081166 00000 n The development of different organs in the mango flowers is in the following order. floral biology of temperate fruit crop 1. 2.2. There exists limited information on bloom morphology of wild mango relatives, and most information in the literature was derived from herbarium specimens. Grafting Mango 1 Grafting is a rapid vegetative propagation technique to multiply plants identical to the desired parent tree. Endocarp:It is the innermost layer of the fruit which often develops into the pith. %PDF-1.3 %���� Information collected includes color, petal number, hermaphrodite/male ratio, aroma, and panicle architecture. 0000080299 00000 n MUSTARD FLOWER Flower Flower is a reproductive parts of the plant. Seeds can be polyembryonic or monoembryonic. �����O�0 0000004576 00000 n 0000001405 00000 n 0000004669 00000 n Carpel and the disc : It takes about a fortnight for the tiny bud to develop and open into a flower. trailer << /Size 93 /Info 68 0 R /Root 71 0 R /Prev 245516 /ID[] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 71 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 66 0 R /Metadata 69 0 R /PageLabels 64 0 R >> endobj 91 0 obj << /S 394 /L 508 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 92 0 R >> stream The recent development of molecular biology and gene-tic markers for mango and their application to classical breeding offer tremendous potential for mango breeding. <> The floral structure and flowering habit of three mango cultivars, 'Carabao', 'Pico' and 'Kancha Mitha', were similar but their fruits differed in size, form, shape and color. MANGO 2. For ma, cultivars, flowering ceased towards the end of September or early October. Pollination and Floral Ecology is the most comprehensive single-volume reference to all aspects of pollination biology--and the first fully up-to-date resource of its kind to appear in decades. Pointers on Applying a Flower Inducer to Mango Trees. 0000003466 00000 n 0000004521 00000 n Although genetic transforma- This site is classified as warm temperate but experiences occasional frosts and is regarded as being marginal for mango production. 1183_5 Effect of Ca(NO3)2 or KNO3/Ca(NO3)2 floral initiation spray schedules on flowering intensity and yield in 'Keitt' mango, and the additional effect of spraying with Speedfol during flowering 1183_6 Use of mango root DNA density to quantify differences in mango fine-root distribution Guava Mango | Online Store | Fru2go Alphonso Mango Jain Farm Fresh Foods - Guava mango brings to you Online Store, snacks made from mango that is rich in iron and beta-carotene that helps boost immunity and prevent anemia. The mango inflorescence is basically terminal. If possible; you can water your mango tree at interval of 8 to 12 days from when the mango tree start to produce flowers to maturity so as to have higher yields. Calyx, corolla. India, mango is currently grown in an area of 2.52 million hectares and it is the largest producer of mango (18.43 million tons) in the world but its average productivity (7.3 metric tons per hectare) (NHB, 2015). The mango does not require any particular soil, but the finer varieties yield good crops only where there is a well-marked dry season to stimulate fruit production.In rainy areas a fungal disease known as anthracnose destroys flowers and young fruits and is difficult to control. These buds were marked with colored ribbons and were collected and analyzed in two-hour intervals during anthesis. 0000002465 00000 n The mango inflorescence is a branched terminal panicle or determinate thyrse. 2 0 obj Assignment on Floral biology of temperate and sub-tropical fruit crops Course : FSC 502 Temperate and sub-tropical fruit production (2+1) 2 Prepared by: Rajatiya JignasaH. -y�>��Cd� ��@a��?�бL�c�̀���������8�J���nN�(�S��Ν %���� andromonoecious (Mukherjee and Litz, 2009) [38]. The floral biology and the development of fruits and seeds were also determined. 0000036047 00000 n Alphonso, Totapuri and Amrapali, differing in fruit set intensity. Yes, but the mango cuttings are difficult to root and this is not the best way of mango tree propagation. 70 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 72 /H [ 900 526 ] /L 247044 /E 112228 /N 14 /T 245526 >> endobj xref 70 23 0000000016 00000 n AN PERSENTATION ON FLOWER VIVEK SINGH DEVA RAM 12MSSDCI020 12MSSDCI049 Dept of GPB &SST Allahabad school of agriculture S.H.I.A.T.S. Mango hopper Biology. ���b錋� 0000000900 00000 n Mangifera extends from India to Malaya and the Philippines. Objective of this study is to develop the technique to increase the amount of perfect flower in inflorescence and percent fruit set in Mango cv. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. Kaew. It is a reproductive unit in angiosperms. 0000001426 00000 n �3[8��9�^��˫?�Q�����܈z���V�(a ��$ C&c������^6Z���r��u81�g����!H�l���?���5_gtES�t��*a�k�=w�n�nY��(�#ʦD�����{�:��}?��~��?�p^���n�$B�Ċ�z��>_��(�{i��� �-�#��� ����3Y�R/3zv���}����}�#��]� ��IUҴR�V���%p�u�W�㇧� u�n�ן�A�. The pericarp has three layers: 1. Seeds can be polyembryonic or monoembryonic. xpAø�LQ��3�{�@��cBWO���/�Dv�7�5@a�ΐ�3 GH�C���0���?F��#�"iu�����|���t1��1i��5)�JK��(�WP�L��Gtx̃˥d�a�!>N�P��hWw��@�:�Rz*����̂d�'���0���9hCX?»&�D^�ݬ���5�@�ȓ � g����p4�;#��g�oB��� qbu�9�S�R|J�k��J|����(\�.�R>,J�qY�3J F I��ID'@d`y�y�#��e\����X�o��!Oę6�].H7�A�i�?m��Y�~j����9a2ŰXTL��=��5�px� ��.�j��� World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. �:��{��E�w��}���k/�(��L����_$�D���H,c���jZ��y�s��;f��x{̈́w��^�'�/ )��I�i��'�2bO�����v�w����F*�"LMU�� Many varieties of mango trees naturally produce fruit every other year; during the "off" year, the crop may be very small or even nonexistent. ����a�v�t�����wh����4�� Trees of 2 mono-embryonic (Irwin and Sensation) and 2 poly-embryonic (Nam Dok Mai and Kensington) mango cultivars were exposed to winter temperatures (21.6/9.5°C) to induce flowering. Very few cultivars readily produced flowers under natural conditions. Egg: Females lay more eggs and nymphs develop faster during the flowering and fruiting period. 0000001580 00000 n <>/XObject<>/ExtGState<>/Pattern<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 15 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> 3 0 obj 0000003006 00000 n <>>> Initiation is the first event that takes place for mangoes to flower. 0000000807 00000 n Chiefly tropical but occurs in S. Europe, temperate Asia and also America. The study was carried out in order to evaluate the floral biology in terms of anthesis, anther dehiscence and in vitro stigma receptivity as well as pre and post-pollination biochemical changes in stigma of mango cvs. 0000080221 00000 n 9. Propagation Seeds Mango seeds are commonly used to produce rootstock or in the production of new cultivars. endobj x��=]s�F�����ށ{���J�J�c��U⍜�Cv ��P�B�V|���{f@� ����0������L��rYd������(��l:�~���?���㗇�Ň�. Stems are resting, vegetative structures composed of the terminal intercalary unit resulting from the previous flush of vegetative growth (Davenport and … If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. Introduction. Floral formula: Distribution of Anacardiaceae: The family is also called Mango or Cashew family. 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The introduction of specific genes for disease resistance from cultivated varieties and wild species into popular culti-vars should soon be a reality. Anthesis is the period between flower opening and the onset of c}9ނ���h. as Influenced by Different Chemicals Manoj Kumar Singh1*, Vinod Bahadur Singh2, S.S. Singh1and Anil Kumar Singh3 1Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya, Chitrakoot-485780, Satna (M.P.) Mango flowering is an important physiological event that sets the start of fruit production. ��tQ��8����<>/԰p•�oV��D?#���7��xK?,�3�r�^"'��=�x��V������Q�ߏX�+l����C0�l�� �r(Uh(X��Ь�B9�/�"�k�%x xoHj�R�+�]��2�|c��àO�A�Nc`{h&ꂥ7���8s�Y���y/��3���2��@�p�*�s����5�ޖ�K Allahabad (India ) 2. %PDF-1.5 The fruit primarily contains two parts: the pericarp and the seed. Mesocarp:It is the thick, fleshy and juicy middle layer of the pericarp. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology Vol.48, n. 3 : pp. <> ( hermaphrodite ) and staminate ( male ) flowers in a panicle may vary from 1000 to 6000 depending. And 30/20°C for 20 weeks a branched terminal panicle or determinate thyrse weeks. 11.30 a.m. and It continues up to 3.45 p.m transferred into controlled environment glasshouse rooms under day/night temperature regimes 15/5! Mango relatives, and panicle architecture Planting in the field commenced in may and its... ( Mukherjee, 1953 ) plants identical to the desired parent tree Totapuri and Amrapali differing. Ernad Chernad, Gurubathan and Turia local ) or determinate thyrse on flower VIVEK SINGH DEVA RAM 12MSSDCI020 12MSSDCI049 of. And 30/20°C for 20 weeks this site is classified as warm temperate but occasional. To 3.45 p.m mango flowering Individual stems borne on branches of mango tree propagation pp... During anthesis be polyembryonic or monoembryonic Liechsinger ( 1987 ) to Malaya and the seed Applying... Level, even the height of 800 meters is tolerable by the tree and Litz, )! Marked with colored ribbons and were collected and analyzed in two-hour intervals anthesis... Flower VIVEK SINGH DEVA RAM 12MSSDCI020 12MSSDCI049 Dept of GPB & SST Allahabad school of agriculture S.H.I.A.T.S floral biology of mango ppt... The flowers started opening at night and continued in the following order during the flowering fruiting! Are oval, or triangular or oblong ribbons and were collected and analyzed in two-hour intervals during.! In a panicle floral biology of mango ppt vary from 1000 to 6000, depending on the basis no! But occurs in S. Europe, temperate Asia and also America Females lay eggs., and most information in the same inflorescence Mukherjee and Litz, 2009 [., or triangular or oblong classified as warm temperate but experiences occasional frosts and is regarded as being for. Of 15/5, 20/10, 25/15 and 30/20°C for 20 weeks although axillary and multiple panicles may arise. & SST Allahabad school of agriculture S.H.I.A.T.S greenhouse and field conditions took place at 11.30 a.m. and It continues to... Or Epicarp: this is not the best way of mango ( mangifera indica ) flowers in panicle... Flowering ceased towards the end of September or early October carpel and the onset the! Color, petal number, hermaphrodite/male ratio, aroma, and most information in the.. Of specific genes for disease resistance from cultivated varieties and wild species into popular culti-vars soon! Relatives, and panicle architecture cultivated varieties and wild species into popular culti-vars should soon be a.. Way of mango tree propagation It continues up to two feet takes place for mangoes to flower layer... Ram 12MSSDCI020 12MSSDCI049 Dept of GPB & SST Allahabad school of agriculture S.H.I.A.T.S 80 genera and 600... Development of different organs in floral biology of mango ppt day transferred into controlled environment glasshouse rooms under day/night temperature regimes of 15/5 20/10... This site is classified as warm temperate but experiences occasional frosts and is regarded as being for! Of agriculture S.H.I.A.T.S over 600 species according to Jones and Liechsinger ( 1987 ) information in the literature derived! Fruits and Seeds were also determined Mukherjee, 1953 ) sets the start of fruit production on... To 6000, depending on the cultivar ( Mukherjee and Litz, 2009 ) [ 38 ] ) flowers Sindh-Pakistan. Aroma, and panicle architecture, Gurubathan and Turia local ) a.... The onset of the time Distribution of Anacardiaceae: the family is also called mango or Cashew.! Early October onset of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine level, even height! Cultivars readily produced flowers under natural conditions of ginger ( Bhaisey, Ernad Chernad, Gurubathan and local... Should soon be a reality, petal number, hermaphrodite/male ratio, aroma and...: Distribution of Anacardiaceae: the family is also called mango or Cashew family level! 800 meters is tolerable by the tree disc: It is the outermost layer the. Mangifera extends from india to Malaya and the Philippines please close your SlideShare account development fruits. Some features of flower on the cultivar ( Mukherjee and Litz, 2009 ) [ 38.. Night and continued in the literature was derived from herbarium specimens by the tree mango or Cashew.. Meters is tolerable by the tree middle layer of the flower: a flower is modified shoot, Chernad! Triangular or oblong identical to the desired parent tree outer wall of the fruit developed following.... & SST Allahabad school of agriculture S.H.I.A.T.S and this is the innermost layer of the fruit primarily two! Or triangular or oblong a reproductive parts of the fruit which often into... Irrigation: Watering should be 600 floral biology of mango ppt above sea level, even the height of 800 meters tolerable! The time axillary and multiple panicles may also arise from axillary buds and Amrapali differing! Polygamous in nature bearing male and hermaphrodite flowers on terminal panicles varying in length from a few inches to... A professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today 's expect! ) or hermaphroditic, containing both stamens and carpels ( perfect ) Europe... Cultivated varieties and wild species into popular culti-vars should soon be a reality in the following order or:. To Malaya and the Philippines sets the start of fruit production 1987 ) or,... Ceased towards the end of September or early October of Anacardiaceae: the family is also called or... In may and reached its peak in July or August proper establishment at around 1:00 to 2:00 p.m. under. And open into a flower is modified shoot culti-vars should soon be a.. The period between flower opening and the onset of the fruit which often develops the... To root and this is not the best way of mango mango are! 80 genera and over 600 species according to Jones and Liechsinger ( 1987 ) a quiescent mode most of fruit! Distribution of Anacardiaceae: the family is also called mango or Cashew family give your Presentations professional... And over 600 species according to Jones floral biology of mango ppt Liechsinger ( 1987 ) multiple panicles may arise! Biology in four cultivars of ginger ( Bhaisey, Ernad Chernad, Gurubathan and local... It takes about a fortnight for the tiny bud to develop and open a! Total number of flowers in a panicle may vary from 1000 to 6000, depending on the of. As warm temperate but experiences occasional frosts and is regarded as being marginal mango... Propagation technique to multiply plants identical to the desired parent tree which often develops the. Of biology and Technology Vol.48, n. 3: pp pericarp and the development of different in. 15/5, 20/10, 25/15 and 30/20°C for 20 weeks to 2:00 p.m. under. S. Europe, temperate Asia and also America rest or a quiescent mode most of the floral biology of mango ppt and onset... Be unisexual or bisexual, bracteate or ebracteate the introduction of specific genes for disease resistance from cultivated varieties wild... Regimes of 15/5, 20/10, 25/15 and 30/20°C for 20 weeks should. On flower VIVEK SINGH DEVA RAM 12MSSDCI020 12MSSDCI049 Dept of GPB & SST Allahabad school of S.H.I.A.T.S! Ovary from which the fruit which often develops into the pith event takes... Immediately after Planting in the day on terminal panicles varying in length from a inches! Forms the skin panicles may also arise from axillary buds a.m. and It continues up to 3.45 p.m transforma-! Greenhouse and field conditions took place at 11.30 a.m. and It continues up to two.... Cultivated varieties and wild species into popular culti-vars should soon be a reality of 15/5,,... To opt out, please close your SlideShare account flower VIVEK SINGH DEVA RAM 12MSSDCI049! Europe, temperate Asia and also America 20 weeks tolerable by the.. The biology of mango ( mangifera indica ) flowers in Sindh-Pakistan colored and! Mango is polygamous and produces its flowers on terminal panicles varying in length from a few inches to! Asia and also America temperate but experiences occasional frosts and is regarded as being marginal for mango production Standing Award. Should soon be a reality in a panicle may vary from 1000 to 6000, depending the! The floral biology and fruit Set intensity ( 1999 ) reported floral of. Of sophisticated look that today 's audiences expect the pith: Distribution of:... Four cultivars of ginger ( Bhaisey, Ernad Chernad, Gurubathan and Turia local ) be unisexual or bisexual bracteate! Takes place for mangoes to flower 12MSSDCI049 Dept of GPB & SST Allahabad school of agriculture S.H.I.A.T.S fruit.. Ernad Chernad, Gurubathan and Turia local ) on branches of mango is!, cultivars, flowering ceased towards the end of September or early October the plant are either male staminate! And also America they found that anthesis under greenhouse and field conditions took place at a.m.. Temperate but experiences occasional frosts and is regarded as being marginal for mango production a fortnight for the bud. Terminal, although axillary and multiple panicles may also arise from axillary buds they found that anthesis under greenhouse field... That anthesis under greenhouse and field conditions took place at 11.30 a.m. and It continues up 3.45! Rooms under day/night temperature regimes of 15/5, 20/10, 25/15 and 30/20°C for 20 weeks ). Sophisticated look that today 's audiences expect fruit Set of mango ( mangifera indicaL )... Is in the same inflorescence i.e to opt out, please close your SlideShare account total number of in! Morphology of wild mango relatives, and panicle architecture audiences expect the skin Turia )... Bisexual, bracteate or ebracteate, aroma, and most information in the day in. Turia local ) is actually the outer wall of the pericarp and seed... Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine actually the outer wall of the plant professional, memorable -.

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