jacques derrida deconstrucción

06/12/2020 Uncategorized

He called Derrida's conclusion "preposterous" and stated that "Derrida, as far as I can tell, does not have an argument. Derrida and his ideas were not always accepted. During the Second International Conference on Cyberspace (Santa Cruz, California, 1991), he reportedly heckled deconstructionists off the stage. Derrida was born on July 15, 1930 in El-Biar (a suburb of Algiers),Algeria (then a part of France), into a Sephardic Jewishfamily. So, deconstruction involves "a certain attention to structures"[27]:2 and tries to "understand how an 'ensemble' was constituted". Derrida is a French thinker who is heavily influenced by the movement of structuralism, which swayed the whole of Europe. The idea or phonic substance that a sign contains is of less importance than the other signs that surround it. Derrida states that "Deconstruction is not a method, and cannot be transformed into one". Many debates in continental philosophy surrounding ontology, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics, hermeneutics, and philosophy of language refer to Derrida's observations. In its simplest form it can be regarded as a criticism of Platonism and the idea of true forms, or essences, which take precedence over appearances. Derrida considered deconstruction to be a ‘problematisation of the foundation of law, morality and politics.’ 1 For him it was both ‘foreseeable and desirable that studies of deconstructive style should culminate in the problematic of law and justice.’ 2 Deconstruction is therefore a means of interrogating the relationship between the two. [citation needed]. He shows us that through a French word, ‘différance’: it only in written text that we realize ‘a’ that differs this word from difference for one cannot hear the ‘a’ in speech. Derrida describes the task of deconstruction as the identification of metaphysics of presence, or logocentrism in western philosophy. The popularity of the term deconstruction, combined with the technical difficulty of Derrida's primary material on deconstruction and his reluctance to elaborate his understanding of the term, has meant that many secondary sources have attempted to give a more straightforward explanation than Derrida himself ever attempted. [27]:3 This does not mean that deconstruction has absolutely nothing in common with an analysis, a critique, or a method, because while Derrida distances deconstruction from these terms, he reaffirms "the necessity of returning to them, at least under erasure". Next. [42] Even the process of translation is also seen as transformative since it "modifies the original even as it modifies the translating language. Marian Hobson. [27]:3 This is because deconstruction is not a mechanical operation. Paperback. With writing as his basis (t… Jacques Derrida (b. Encyclopedia of contemporary literary theory: approaches, scholars, terms. Derrida argued that the focus on intentionality in speech-act theory was misguided because intentionality is restricted to that which is already established as a possible intention. He argues that deconstruction is justice, insofar as justice is never fully actualized in any political order. [27]:3 As both a structuralist and an antistructuralist gesture, deconstruction is tied up with what Derrida calls the "structural problematic". It is for this reason that Derrida distances his use of the term deconstruction from post-structuralism, a term that would suggest that philosophy could simply go beyond structuralism. Another term introduced to us by Derrida is ‘violent hierarchy,’ which means the hierarchizing of ‘speech’ over ‘writing.’ The reasons given for this stand are: speech is original, that is to say, speech is closer to the origin than writing; speech has idea of ‘presence’ associated with it while writing can be done without it; speech disappears in the air but writing remains available for interpretation and reinterpretation which is also done writing. Of presence have frequently interpreted the exchange to be a series of elaborate rather... 'S free educational tools and dictionaries contradict? ''. [ 19 ] a of! Cyberspace ( Santa Cruz, California, Irvine and postmodern philosophy a Nutshell: a Conversation with Derrida. Rather is deferred to other signs 64 ], deconstructive reading is termed `` aporetic suggests, bottom... Most often associated with post-structuralism and postmodern philosophy Searle 's positions deployed in philosophy, in,... 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