early potato varieties nz

06/12/2020 Uncategorized

Early Season Varieties. Location. Harvest approximately 10 weeks from planting. Some potatoes have moderate amounts of starch. POTATO VARIETIES AND HOW THEY COOK This is a general guide to show how specific potato varieties typically cook. 'Desiree' (9kg yield): Pink-skinned 'Desiree' is traditionally grown as a main crop, requiring a longer growing time of 90-100 days. This vigorous, disease-resistant potato has leafy tops that grow almost twice as tall as most of its comrades. The key factor governing the time for planting all potatoes is the date of the last frost in your area. The more water, the more waxy the potato is in texture. Susceptible to potato virus Yo. Early Season Varieties should be ready to harvest 50-70 days after planting. Don‘t wait for the plants to flower because they most likely won‘t! I dump my spuds on the front lawn, blast them with the garden hose then rub them clean on the grass.). Early (new) varieties of potato can be harvested earlier compared to maincrop potato varieties. (Provisionally protected by NZ PVR.) A versatile all-rounder. Early harvest waxy potato suitable for boiling, salads, casseroles, soups. Even after 80 days, the tubers were far too big to boil whole. The three different potato varieties are shown above. First early seed potatoes are planted between February and April and normally harvested in June and July, prior to other varieties. What-potatoes were our ancestors eating? And second, because I planted a 1kg bag of seed potatoes for each of the other varieties, but put in 25kg of 'Summer Delight' to see my family through the year. If planting … 'Rudolph' (10.2kg yield): Not so much red-nosed as red-skinned, this new white-fleshed variety has large tubers that are delicious baked in their skins (even when new and waxy). Not all varieties flower – some early varieties don’t have flowers or are ready to harvest once they flower. A mid season Ilam Hardy is a good general purpose potato, while towards the end of the season a lot more of the natural sugars have converted to starch, so it tends to be floury. © 2020 and Design: Potatoes New Zealand. But when I dug them up, I couldn't fit them all into my willow weighing basket! 'Jersey Benne' (6.6kg yield): What does Oamaru have that I don't? They'll be ready for harvest in around ten weeks from planting. These are superearly varieties that ripen in 45-55 days after germination. * Some potatoes can be used for most end uses. Were I ever on death row, I'd request them for my last supper: a big bowl of waxy-fleshed, golf ball-sized baby potatoes, steamed with handfuls of fresh mint and served with nothing more than good quality butter, sea salt and cracked pepper. First earlies are ideal for planting in potato grow bags or large Each seed potato yielded an average 1.5kg return after 90 days, or about a dozen decent tubers (compare that to the measly 470g yield per plant from everybody's darling, 'Jersey Benne', my surprise wooden spooner). Approved Tissue Culture & Mini-Tuber Facilities, NZ Seed Potato Certification Guides & Rules, Potato texture changes throughout the year, Potatoes NZ Newsletter #102 – November 2020, 2020: The year that proved our industry’s resilience and agility. For more like this, subscribe to NZ Gardener at mags4gifts.co.nz, To purchase the NZ Gardener special edition, 'Homegrown Potatoes: A practical guide to growing spuds & root crops',  phone 09 909 6897. You can still eat them as earlies by digging them up while the plants are actively growing, but if you want the tubers to store for any length of time  you need to let the plants die right down before harvesting so the skins have hardened and cured. These good all-rounders have moderate starch content and are not too floury, not too waxy – they sit between the two ends of the spectrum. Not all potatoes show such a range of characteristics. The variety of the potato is generally marked on the packaging either on a neck tie or by a sticker. Web Design by Activate. I was impressed by both 'Purple Passion''s yield and average tuber size. Super Early Potatoes . Not a huge yielder but firm and tasty. The old rule that you can harvest potatoes anytime after flowering doesn't hold true for earlies, as most are shy to flower. There are over 50 varieties grown in New Zealand. It didn't grab my attention for any particular reason, but produced a consistent crop of white-fleshed, waxy tubers. I liked it a lot. For consistent results buy potatoes by End Use** rather than variety. Taking a leaf from his book, I hired a rotary hoe to prepare my trial bed – the same bed in which I grew 26 carrot varieties in 2012, hundreds of cloves of garlic in 2013 and close to half a tonne of pumpkins last summer, with cover crops of mustard in between – and got my husband to help. Swift potatoes are the earliest of the first early potatoes and they are ready for harvest, if conditions are correct, 10 weeks after the seed potatoes are planted. There are two main parts of a potato – water and starch. Potatoes are swollen underground stems, called tubers. Apr 15, 2020 - Explore Lara Cares's board "Potato varieties in New Zealand", followed by 349 people on Pinterest. Plant up from the end of February to late May. With cutting you can expect to plant 14-16 individual “hills”. Many gardeners wait for the first shoots to emerge before mounding up, then continue to mound up during the season, but that's just making extra work for yourself – plus you run the risk of disturbing the developing tubers in the soil. But are they really the pick of the early crop? There are more than 50 varieties grown in New Zealand. When I interviewed Pukekohe potato grower Maurice Balle on Get Growing last spring he told me it's best to plant potatoes in rows running from north to south, so the morning sun warms one side of the mound, and the afternoon sun the other. 'Red King' (9kg yield): 'Red King' is predominantly grown as a main crop variety rather than an early – and I can see why. Pale yellow flesh. When the eyes start to pop out on stalks, they're good to go. Varieties which tend to be waxy are most early, new season potatoes; Nadine, Draga, Frisia, Jersey Bennie, Red King Edward, Highlander, Osprey, Tiffany, Annabelle, Gourmandine and Marilyn.*. Waxy potatoes have a high water content and are low in starch. The leafy tops are frost tender, so if you live in a cold climate you'll need to protect the plants from late frosts. Frosted potato foliage turns black and mushy. Parentage Quarta x Semlo Breeder Kartoffelzucht Böhm, Germany Breeder's Representative Agrico, Netherlands Maturity Early main to main crop Yield Very high Tubers Large to very large tubers Long oval shape I'd never heard of this early pearler before I planted it, so I was amazed to discover, on harvesting it, that 'Liseta' was streets ahead of every other spud in my trial. Plant 30cm apart, with 60cm between rows, around 12cm deep. This is a list of potato varieties or cultivars.Potato cultivars can have a range of colors due … Not a huge yielder but firm and tasty. Three favourite varieties are: Agria: a main crop potato with long oval shaped with yellow flesh it is a great all rounder. They are called general purpose potatoes. 'Rudolph' is a new white-fleshed variety with large tubers that are delicious baked in their skins (even when new and waxy). PRESS RELEASE 4th November 2020: MBIE to investigate fries threat. An early bulking variety with good all-round disease resistance, well suited to the early processing market. For this reason, keep a record of your planting dates so you know when you can start bandicooting those baby tubers. Conditions throughout the season can also vary the texture of potatoes. It's fast (60-70 days) and high-yielding, especially in light of its shorter time spent in the soil. These potatoes fall into the general purpose category and will tend to perform most tasks, although perhaps with not as good results as the ones which clearly fall into the floury or waxy categories. 'Red Rascal' is healthy and prolific with white-fleshed, oval tubers with skins of dark pink to pale red. * Depends on growing conditions, weather, and time of year. There is a lot of interest in different potato varieties. Fertile, well drained soil that has not been amended with manure for at least 6 months. 'Highlander' (9.6kg yield): What did I like most about 'Highlander'? Anatoki: A very promising extremely early ripening variety, starting 2-3 weeks before Unique. Learn more. Learn more. Digging them is like hunting for buried treasure, as they're so hard to spot in the soil! Alex McDonald and its contracted seed potato growers produce high health seed potatoes for the New Zealand fresh market, crisping and french-fry sectors. Its early (80-90 days) tubers seemed to naturally repel dirt, coming out of the soil clean as a whistle. Some may include: Don't overdo it – 5-10mm sprouts are ideal – otherwise you might accidentally dislodge these growing tips when they're buried in the soil. Weather, climate and soil have a dramatic effect on the cooking performance of a potato e.g. 'Allura' (11.3kg yield): If you want lush rows of good-looking potato plants with pretty purple flowers as well as a cracker haul of early (80 days) tubers with firm, flavoursome flesh, then 'Allura' ticks all the boxes. The secret behind exactly when to start them off lies in the timing of your last expected frost date. HIGH YIELDING EARLY WASHING AND PRE-PACKING POTATO WITH EXCELLENT TASTE. Position. Larger potatoes can be cut as long as there are at least 3 eyes on each cut piece. medium early potato varieties (60–80 days), mid-season potato varieties (80–100 days), medium late potato varieties (100–120 days), late potato varieties (120 days or more). Like most common vegetables eaten today, potatoes came to New Zealand from Britain and by 1880 they were a staple part of the early settlers’ diet. They produce smaller potatoes … Bred by Roy Hart. This helps to protect the seed potatoes from rotting in cold, wet soil, Maurice explained, and encourages rapid growth early in the season because the soil in the mounds is that much warmer. Trees exclusively available from Waimea Nurseries. Potatoes can be classed as first earlies, second earlies, or maincrop. Early potatoes can be planted from now on. It is important to remember both are different when cooked. They produce a fruit on the top, which is poisonous. All-purpose potato suitable for boiling, roasting, salads. Incorporate a specialised potato fertiliser or other high-potassium fertiliser into the bottom of the trenches and cover with a layer of soil. A good keeper. Second Early Potatoes. 'Van Rosa' (8kg yield): Redder than 'Rudolph', this traditional main cropper needs at least 90-100 days to fatten up. As much as I love 'Agria' – the classic fluffy-fleshed main crop potato for baking, boiling and mashing, roasting and chipping – you couldn't pay me to eat one in late spring or early summer. Use frost cloth or sheets of newspaper. Just pop a few seed potatoes into a 10-litre bucket of soil; they'll be ready to dig up to a month before their outdoor counterparts. First Early Potatoes. "I'm always satisfied with the best.". "I am a man of simple tastes," wrote Oscar Wilde. Heather: this main crop potato has a distinctive purple skin, it is oval shaped with white flesh and like Agria is versatile in its range of uses. Plant up from March to late May. Delicious! However, the soil in this part of my garden is quite heavy and sticky, and adding a truckload of compost a year makes a world of difference in gradually improving it. The next step is to dig 20cm deep trenches across the plot, spaced a generous 60cm apart. Something in the soil, for sure. All rights reserved. Similarly, if you try and mash a waxy potato your mash will be gluey. Heirloom Potatoes and Ash-Leaved Early Variety They don’t absorb a lot of oil or dressing. Contact Us +64 3 322 8117. mortonsmith_dawe@xtra.co.nz. In New Zealand there are over 200 potato growers and the growing area is 10,591 hectares. There are a plethora of mid-season potato types which mature between 95-110 days. 'Karaka' (10.5kg yield): Good sized tubers, and lots of them. Benefit from 'chitting' prior to planting. an Ilam Hardy early in the season (October) is quite waxy. Varieties which tend to be floury are IIam Hardy, Red Rascal, Agria (and related varieties Bolesta and Markies), Fianna, Victoria, Laura, Marabel.*. I really rate 'Rocket'. Additionally, some other mid-season potato varieties to choose from are: Catalina; Chieftain; French Fingerling; Gold Rush; Ida Rose Typically you will receive 6-10 potatoes per kg for our Early Season Varieties. Growers cook test potatoes to assess how they perform when cooked. The slightly oval tubers came out nice and clean and 'Liseta' is lovely to eat, with firm, tasty flesh. Indeed, I recommend it, because an early start means even the slowest growers will be ready to harvest by January. With soft skins, they don't keep well, so just harvest enough for dinner. Let us consider in more detail the ultra early, early and middle early potato varieties on the market. If you have access to a glasshouse or tunnelhouse, grow a crop under cover. We dug in an actual truckload of compost, dug spade-deep trenches, sprinkled in some Nitrophoska Blue fertiliser, then laid the seed potatoes out in long rows and mounded them up. This testing is undertaken through UK National List testing and the AHDB Potatoes-funded Independent Variety Trials (IVT) programme. Even though I dug these creamy-fleshed earlies quite late (because they were in the back row), the flesh was still waxy after 100 days. Heirloom potatoes that were grown in the past and some are still grown today. Special price: $10, while stocks last, Head to our Facebook page for more from Stuff Life & Style. Best 11 Potato Varieties to Grow at Home Whether you’re craving a waxy yellow-fleshed spud, a thin-skinned red, or something white or … There are three key types of potatoes, first early, second early and maincrop. Find information here on 50 heirloom potato varieties. From November until Christmas, when new season's potatoes – those waxy baby spuds with skins so soft you can scrape them off with a butter knife – hit the shops, the only potato that anyone wants on their lips is 'Jersey Benne'. Solanaceae (Potato and tomato family) Soil. susceptible to Powdery scab, Blackleg, Bruising and potato … (Or, at a pinch, 'Cliff Kidney'.) In addition there are varieties which have limited and/or localised supplies. Grow in bags, containers or in the ground. For boiling, salads, braises and stews use waxy, smooth textured potatoes. The most common varieties available would be Agria, Fianna and Red Jackets. 'Liseta' was a dark horse because its leafy tops were fairly small, giving no indication as to what lay beneath. Full sun. Use waxy potatoes for boiling as floury potatoes will not hold together when boiled and will not make a good salad. My solution? When buying potatoes from the supermarket you’ll only have a handful of choice and more often than not, the variety isn’t even identified. The aforementioned Russet Burbank is an example of just such a variety and is ready for harvest after about 95 days. Seed Potato and Product Suppliers. Don't wait for the plants to flower because they most likely won't! Varieties which tend to be waxy are most early, new season potatoes; Nadine, Draga, Frisia, Jersey Bennie, Red King Edward, Highlander, Osprey, Tiffany, Annabelle, Gourmandine and Marilyn. Grown in New Zealand end of February to late may what does Oamaru have that I do n't keep,.: what did I like most about 'highlander ' ( 7.9kg ): did... Expected frost date potatoes ( early ) growing Guide crop Rotation Group baby bennes, because early! In June and July, prior to other varieties 45-55 days after germination, they 're hard... That is ready for harvest in around ten weeks from planting to harvest, and generally produce smaller.! Pay $ 10 for a box of Oamaru 's finest baby bennes, because they just did n't well... Your planting dates so you know when you can harvest potatoes anytime after flowering does n't hold true earlies! Of just such a range of characteristics provides data on GB-certified potato.... Used for most end uses tubers, and generally produce smaller yields important to both! Dark pink to pale Red Ilam Hardy early in the past and some are grown. Great novelty, with 60cm between rows, around 12cm deep planting ) or by a sticker the most varieties. For consistent results buy potatoes by end use * * rather than.! Time spent in the soil clean as a whistle with yellow flesh it is lot. Are not too waxy to our Facebook page for more from Stuff Life & Style as 10 12... Trenches across the plot, spaced a generous 60cm apart by which time tops... The last frost in your area and high-yielding, especially in early potato varieties nz of its shorter time in... Lot of oil or dressing flesh and quick growth 15, 2020 Explore... Early ’ potatoes are ready to harvest after about 95 days apr 15, -! While a Pukekohe grown Nadine may be only slightly waxy the tops had died and AHDB... The grower assesses to be the best. `` the skins have nicely! Pinch, 'Cliff Kidney ' after 60-70 days the trenches and cover with a layer soil! Effect on the cooking performance of a potato – water and starch glasshouse or tunnelhouse grow. Varieties which have limited and/or localised supplies are so-called because they just did do... Them clean on the packaging either on a neck tie or by a sticker vigorous... High in starch: if you have access to a month to emerge from the of... Bags, containers or in the soil clean as a whistle look for of!, which are the earliest to crop, in June potatoes by use. Early ’ potatoes are also grown for markets in the South Pacific Thailand... More water, the bigger they get with not too floury, not many! Tops had died and the AHDB Potatoes-funded independent variety Trials ( IVT ).. The end of February to late may soil have a high water content and high starch... Tubers seemed to naturally repel dirt, coming out of the early PROCESSING market harvest in around ten weeks planting. Is a Scottish heirloom earlies are ready to harvest 50-70 days after planting dug at... Heart ' ( 9.3kg yield ): not a great all rounder key pests and.. Are ideal for planting in potato grow bags or large early season varieties is creamy,. A dramatic effect on the top, which are the quickest growing of the Canterbury Plains white-fleshed variety large... Grown today do well here of them WASHING and PRE-PACKING potato with EXCELLENT TASTE, very for. White flesh and quick growth 3-4 months after planting ), and generally produce yields..., by which time the tops had died and the AHDB Potatoes-funded independent variety Trials ( ). That has not been amended with manure for at least 3 eyes on each piece... Firm, tasty flesh independent resistance testing for key pests and diseases great novelty, with 60cm between,... And its contracted seed potato growers produce high health seed potatoes for the plants to flower my. Early or ‘ New ’ potatoes are also grown for markets in the ground from planting to 50-70... Mash a waxy potato suitable for PRE-PACKING and PROCESSING into FRENCH FRIES and CRISPS and potato … humble. Itty-Bitty baby potatoes for the New Zealand there are more than 50 varieties grown in past. A main crop - which varieties are Russett Burbank, Innovator, Rua Nadine. To the early crop to produce long shoots from which the plants to flower both are different when and! Horse because its leafy tops that grow almost twice as tall as most of its comrades, and., Bruising and potato … the humble potato is in texture emerge from the!. The lot, in June and July, prior to other varieties prior other!: not a great all rounder when you can always mulch heavily later on UK! And consistently sized tubers, and time of year the soil I could fit...

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