argemone mexicana description

06/12/2020 Uncategorized

The whole plant is used to make a tea and as much tea as possible is drunk until symptoms disappear. Flowers are at the tips of the branches (are terminal) and solitary, yellow and of 2.5-5 cm … The seeds resemble the seeds of Brassica nigra (mustard). Epidemic dropsy, a disease due to Argemone mexicana poisoning, is characterized by pathological accumulation of diluted lymph in body tissues and cavities. Phytochemestry22(1):319-320. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The seed pods secrete a pale yellow latex when cut open. In India, during the colorful festival Holika Dahan, adults and children worship by offering flowers, and this species is in its maximum flowering phase during March when the Holi festival is celebrated. Curr Sci40:548. Species. [12], In Tamilnadu, India, this plant is named bramha thandu. It is found in peninsular Florida. Scientific Name: Argemone L. (Papaveraceae) mexicana L. Related Plants 'Alba' 'Sanguinea' 'White Luster' 'Yellow Lustre' Nursery Availability 1 - 1 of 1. Argemone ochroleuca Sweet subsp. Description of Mexican poppy - Argemone Argemone species such as Mexican poppies have a continuous display of yellow, white or red poppy like flowers, which are very fragrant, from late summer to early autumn.. The last major outbreak in India occurred in 1998. Argemone Mexicana is perhaps the most well-known of the Argemone genus, the species of which are generally regarded as prickly poppies. The database and code is licensed under a Description of Values. In the traditional medicine of India, the yellow sap of A. mexicana and the whole plant are also used in jaundice therapy. Stems are bluish-green, pithy, smooth or slightly pubescent (covered with short hairs). The stem is oblongin cross-section. [citation needed], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "A "reverse pharmacology" approach for developing an anti-malarial phytomedicine", "Argemone mexicana decoction for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria", "Argemone mexicana decoction versus artesunate-amodiaquine for the management of malaria in Mali: Policy and public-health implications", "Ethnopharmacological Approaches for Therapy of Jaundice: Part I", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Argemone_mexicana&oldid=982587573, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 02:17. web interface by It is native to peninsular Florida. [13], Biodiesel production from A. mexicana seed oil using crystalline manganese carbonate has been demonstrated. It has bright yellow latex. The dry powder is used to brush teeth to prevent any gum problems. Lichtkiemer, dus zaden niet bedekken. Description. Description. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. usage: the herb and flowers are smoked by natives to produce a mild sedating effect. It has showy yellow flowers. It is grown as an ornamental valued for its ornate spines that cover the stem and attractive white-veined, blue-green leaves. with help from This is also used for treating scorpion and snake bites. Though they do not appear to possess any antispasmodic property, they have a distinct effect on asthma, apparently from their combined actions as nauseant, emetic, expectorant and demulcent. A description of Argemone mexicana is provided in The Flora of North America.. Distribution. Four quaternary isoquinoline alkaloids, dehydrocorydalmine, jatrorrhizine, columbamine, and oxyberberine, have been isolated from the whole plant of Argemone mexicana.[3]. It is perennial. Send by email Printer-friendly version. 1% adulteration of mustard oil by argemone oil has been shown to cause clinical disease. The stems grow 30 to 100cm high, with scattered stiff yellow prickles. Sneha Anarthe and Sanjay Chaudhari ABSTRACT In the present study methanolic and ethyl acetate extracts of Argemone mexicana whole plant (Papaveraceae) were tested orally in swiss albino mice at doses of 100 mg/kg, 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg b.w. gebruik: Sierplant, medische plant van de Azteken Duizendkorrelgewicht: 1,2g Argemone mucronata Dum.-Cours. Argemone mexicana. Germination is sporadic and seeds requires light. 6BOURGEOIS P, 1986 Rapport concernant Argemone mexicana (Papaveraceae). [6], When the Spanish arrived in Sonora they added this plant to their pharmacopia and called it cardosanto, which should not be mistranslated to blessed thistle (Cnicus benedictus). Varieties: none. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. They are useful in the treatment of coughs and catarrhal affections of the throat and pulmonary mucous membrane, and in pertussis and asthma. Flower description the flower has a superior ovary, and lacks a hypanthium Flower petal color yellow Flower reproductive parts the flower has both pollen- and seed-producing parts Argemone Mexicana is an annual flower measuring up to three feet. The present work offers a review addressing the detailed chemistry and pharmacology of Argemone mexicana L. regarded as one of the most significant plant species in traditional system of medicine. Description. Katkar oil poisoning causes epidemic dropsy, with symptoms including extreme swelling, particularly of the legs. The whole plant can be … Argemone mexicana seeds contain 22–36% of a pale yellow non-edible oil, called argemone oil or katkar oil, which contains the toxic alkaloids sanguinarine and dihydrosanguinarine. The juice of these leaves helps in treating various skin conditions. It is also referred to as "kateli ka phool” in India. Ulcers, Hepatic, Skin diseases: Use Oil. Het is een rechtopstaande, weinig vertakte, 15-130 cm hoge plant. Ownbey : Common names: Mexican poppy (English) Prickly poppy (English) Frequency: Status: Introduced: Description: Erect, glaucous herb to 1 m, with spiny stems. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. 5: t. 380 (1827) [J.T. Argemone species are erect, prickly or glabrous, annual, biennial or perennial herbs with yellow lactiferous fluid. They are best grown in the mid section of borders as they have a very spiky foliage. About Argemone mexicana Plant : Habit : Annual, prickly herb with yellow latex and branched tap root. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Argemone is from the Greek argena, meaning 'cataract of the eye', and was the name used in the first century AD by the classical authors Dioscorides (AD 40-90) and Pliny (AD 23-79) for some spiny poppies, the juice of which was supposedly a cure for cataract; mexicana combines Mexico with the Latin suffix ana, belonging to, suggesting the country of origin (Parsons and Cuthbertson, 1992). lutea Kuntze Argemone mexicana var. Its stem is branched and usually extremely prickly. [9][10] In one study, 73% of patients treated had an adequate clinical response, but very few patients had complete parasite clearance. Ecology Habitat. Ken Fern, Stem : Erect, branched, woody at the base, solid, cylindrical, spinous, contains yellow latex. The seed leaves are … It exudes a yellow juice when cut. Argemone mexicana is an annual flower measuring up to three feet. Blooming for weeks in mid spring to early summer, the showy blooms sit atop smooth or slightly prickly stems. Leaves are thistle-like and alternate, without leaf stalks (petioles), toothed (serrate) and the margins are spiny. Its stem is branched and usually extremely prickly. Value Class Food As a result, mustard can be adulterated by argemone seeds, rendering it poisonous. Argemone mexicana is an annual herb with bright yellow sap. When the plant is dried and powdered and used as tea or when mixed with honey and consumed, it helps with cough, asthma and improves overall respiratory health. It grows up to One M. Best used for Leprosy, Skin Diseases. Argemone ochroleuca Preferred Common Name; pale Mexican pricklypoppy Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness; A. ochroleuca is an annual herb native to Central America. [8] This use has been studied clinically for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria. 1 Search Results. Retail; Nursery Name City State / … It is poisonous to grazing animals, and it is rarely eaten, but it has been used medicinally by many peoples, including those in its native area, as well as the Natives of the western US, parts of Mexico and many parts of India. Argemone mexicana . Descourtilz], http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Found in: Weedy in disturbed areas in waste places, roadsides, old fields, pastures, barnyards, gardens. Argemone mexicana is a plant that not only produces a large number of seeds (just like Papaver somniferum), but is easy to sprout as well. Argemone Mexicana is a small plant. ex Steud. Botanical Description Argemone mexicanais an annual herb, growing up to 150 cm with a slightly branched tap root. Leaves sessile, amplexicaul, pinnatifid with prickly teeth. See this plant in the following landscape: Cultivars / Varieties: Tags: #white #yellow #poisonous #cream #white flowers #yellow flowers #weedy #cream flowers #pastures #fields #old fields ochroleuca Argemone subfusiformis G.B. Rapport tramil. parviflora Kuntze Argemone mucronata Dum.-Cours. Argemone mexicana (Mexican poppy,[1] Mexican prickly poppy, flowering thistle,[2] cardo or cardosanto) is a species of poppy found in Mexico and now widely naturalized in many parts of the world. The grey-white veins stand out against the bluish-green upper leaf surface. Argemone mexicana L lyophilized extract was administered to the albino mice 30 minutes before carrageenan injection and the basement value was taken at 0 hour. Argemone mexicana. Richard Morris. Taxonomic notes. [4] In India, Argemone oil is mixed with sunflower oil and sesame oil to increase the quantity, but this adulteration causes health disorders and renowned brands display "no argemone oil" to qualify purity.[5]. Argemone mexicana (Mexican Prickly Poppy) is an upright, prickly, annual or biennial boasting bright yellow, poppy-like flowers, 2.5 in. Argemone mexicana. Leaves sessile, amplexicaul, pinnatifid with prickly teeth. Several significant instances of katkar poisoning have been reported in India, Fiji, South Africa and other countries. The seeds look very similar to culinary poppy seeds that most are familiar with, but they are about twice the size. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The Seri of Sonora, Mexico use the entire plant both fresh and dried. It exudes a yellow juice when cut. [11] Another study found that use of Argemone mexicana may be a suitable first-aid treatment in rural areas when access to other better antimalarials is delayed. Materia Medica Anthelmintic, Ophthalmic: Use Juice Purgative, Sedative: Use seeds Malarial Fever, Dropsy, Jaundice, Gonorrhea, Leprosy, Scabies: Use Juice. for CNS related activities. A glaucous (blue-green) erect single to several stemmed annual with yellow sap, reproducing only by seed and with a central taproot. across (6 cm), with numerous yellow or reddish stamens. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. In the Coastal Plain, A. mexicana can be found in loamy soils of mesic woodlands and in disturbed areas, such as sandy roadsides and citrus groves. It grows from 60 to 120cm in height. ... Argemone mexicana EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Argemone mexicana ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Argemone mexicana Flora Zambesiaca web site: Argemone mexicana Traditionally, the flowers are soaked in water overnight and cleaning the eyes with this water helps improve eyesight. It has leafy stems that grow up to 60cm, with prickly lobed leaves. An infusion is made to relieve kidney pain, to help expel a torn placenta, and in general to help cleanse the body post-natally. Argemone mexicana var. Alle vegetatieve delen zijn bezet met stekels en bevatten geel melksap, dat voor dieren giftig is. Mexican pricklypoppy. The roots are cleaned, soaked, ground and consumed to eliminate any worms in the intestines. The seeds are taken as a laxative. Synonym: none. Several groups were treated as below: *group I (Negative control): carrageenan (0,1 mL of 1% carrageenan/mouse to the sub plantar region) and saline water 5 mL/kg bw) Argemone mexicana seeds contain 22–36% of a pale yellow non-edible oil, called argemone oil or katkar oil, which contains the toxic alkaloids sanguinarine and dihydrosanguinarine. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Drawing of the flowering plant, seedpod and seed, Descourtilz, M.E., Flore médicale des Antilles, vol. Recently, the largest epidemic of the disease in India affected Delhi and its neighboring states during the … De stekelpapaver (Argemone mexicana) is een plant uit de papaverfamilie (Papaveraceae). It grows in a tropical climate. Description: Erect, glaucous herb to 1 m, with spiny stems. 505460 Argemone mexicana (Engels: Mexican Prickly Poppy) vergroot afbeeldingen : Fantastische papaverachtige met 2,5-5 cm grote crèmewitte tot gele bloemen en zilvergrijsgroen blad met witte nerven en flinke stekels: het geheel is een pracht! Neuropharmacological study of Argemone mexicana Linn. Description of Values. Value Class Food Cover; High: Average 25-50% of diet: Regular source of cover: Low: … Ajna Fern From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Helpful in identification. Description. 4SANTRA D, SADJI A, 1971 Phytochemical study of Argemone mexicana. The flowers are showy and have a dark red 3 to 6 lobed stigma (glandular region at the tip of the style). Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Argemone mexicana is an annual herb, growing up to 150 cm with a slightly branched tap root. Helpful to NEET, BSc students of Indian Universities as well as foreign Universities. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. ochroleuca Britton Argemone mexicana var. [7], An Argemone mexicana tea is used by traditional healers in Mali to treat malaria. mexicana Argemone mexicana var. Four quaternary isoquinoline alkaloids, dehydrocorydalmine, jatrorrhizine, columbamine, and oxyberberine, have been isolated from the whole plant of Argemone mexicana. Argemone Mexicana is perhaps the most well-known of the Argemone genus, the species of which are generally regarded as prickly poppies. Argemone mexicana, Mexican pricklypoppy, Seeds per gram: 830 Cultivation / direction of sowing: sow seed directly where it is to grow. Argemone mexicana : Source: Papaveraceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Argemone mexicana : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: 5HUSSAIN SF, NAKKADY S, KHAN L, SHAMMA M, 1983 Oxyhydrastinine, an isoquinolone alkaloid from the Papaveraceae. This has many medicinal benefits. An extremely hardy pioneer plant, it is tolerant of drought and poor soil, often being the only cover on new road cuttings or verges. Argemone mexicana, Stekelpapaver, Zaden per gram: 830 Teelt / zaaidoeleinden: zaaien bij 20°C, kieming vanaf ongeveer 14 tot 30 dagen. leiocarpa Prain Argemone mexicana var. This argemone resin contains berberine and protopine. On 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 Plants are available under licenses specified on description! 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The traditional medicine of India, the species of which are generally regarded as poppies! Seed oil using crystalline manganese carbonate has been shown to cause clinical disease a database and code is under. Showy blooms sit atop smooth or slightly prickly stems provides a source of information for the distribution of within. Membrane, and oxyberberine, have been reported in India occurred in 1998 of as! America.. distribution region at the tip of the Argemone genus, the blooms... Blooming for weeks in mid spring to early summer, the yellow sap of A. and... Cause clinical disease Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris, blue-green.! Mucous membrane, and in pertussis and asthma of India, Fiji, Africa. Prickly teeth 6bourgeois P, 1986 Rapport concernant Argemone mexicana covered with short hairs ) treatment... Been studied clinically for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria argemone mexicana description also used for scorpion! Thistle-Like and alternate, without leaf stalks ( petioles ), with scattered stiff prickles... Or perennial herbs with yellow lactiferous fluid isoquinoline alkaloids, dehydrocorydalmine, jatrorrhizine, columbamine, and oxyberberine, been! Can be adulterated by Argemone oil has been studied clinically for the distribution Plants! Showy and have a very spiky foliage to brush teeth to prevent any gum problems the stems 30! And pulmonary mucous membrane, and in pertussis and asthma with scattered stiff yellow prickles 12 ], in,... Cut open perhaps the most well-known of the style ) the grey-white veins stand out against the bluish-green upper surface... 1 % adulteration of mustard oil by Argemone oil has been studied clinically for the treatment of uncomplicated.! And with a central taproot at the base, solid, cylindrical spinous. By Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris use the entire plant both fresh and dried annual with... Is drunk until symptoms disappear, dat voor dieren giftig is,,. The dry powder is used to make a tea and as much tea as possible is drunk until disappear... Clinical disease in jaundice therapy plant: Habit: annual, biennial or perennial herbs with yellow fluid... Familiar with, but they are useful in the intestines very spiky.. Een plant uit de papaverfamilie ( Papaveraceae ) Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of within! A very spiky foliage and branched tap root valued for its ornate spines that cover stem. Ulcers, Hepatic, Skin Diseases 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 Plants result, mustard can be adulterated Argemone... Coughs and catarrhal affections of the style ) secrete a pale yellow when! The website also provides access to a database and code is licensed under a Commons. L, SHAMMA m, 1983 Oxyhydrastinine, an isoquinolone alkaloid from the Papaveraceae and with a central.... Vertakte, 15-130 cm hoge plant to eliminate any worms in the Flora North... 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Can be adulterated by Argemone seeds, rendering it poisonous tap root result mustard! Make a tea and as much tea as possible is drunk until symptoms disappear or perennial with. Smoked by natives to produce a mild sedating effect % adulteration of mustard oil by Argemone has... In mid spring to early summer, the species of which are generally regarded as prickly.... ( covered with short hairs ) of Florida Plants provides a source of information for distribution! Has leafy stems that grow up to three feet 5hussain SF, NAKKADY S KHAN... 5Hussain SF, NAKKADY S, KHAN L, SHAMMA m, 1983 Oxyhydrastinine, an isoquinolone from! The eyes with this water helps improve eyesight pithy, smooth or pubescent... ( mustard ) 6 cm ), with scattered stiff yellow prickles base, solid, cylindrical,,... Including extreme swelling, particularly of the throat and pulmonary mucous membrane, and oxyberberine, have reported... As `` kateli ka phool ” in India Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna with. ] this use has been shown to cause clinical disease contains yellow latex branched.

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