factors affecting animal growth

06/12/2020 Uncategorized

This helps in reducing microbial load present on the carcass. The restraining pens used for this purpose require Ministerial approval. With Rabbinical approval some premises have adopted a post-cut stun for cattle. If the fertility rate is larger than 2, the rule of thumb is that the population should rise, as there are more children than their parents. The exsanguination is accomplished by severing the carotid artery and the jugular vein in cattle and sheep, and the anterior vena cava in pigs. In Australia, for instance, where the soil contains limited phosphate, cattle are being fed additional phosphate to increase the efficiency of beef production. One of these exemptions refers to slaughter without the infliction of unnecessary suffering by the Jewish method for the food of Jews; or by the Muslim method for the food of Muslims, provided the requirements for the licensing of slaughter men under the Regulations are met. These include the treatment of feed with formalin to protect amino acids during their passage through the rumen, the recycling of manure by feeding it back to cattle mixed with feed concentrates, or the partial conversion of petroleum hydrocarbons to protein through microbial action (Gillespie, 1998). The mechanical and manual ones are normally done at the abattoirs. One such trait is dwarfism; another is the doppelender or “double muscling” condition, which causes muscle hypertrophy and thereby increases the animal’s commercial value (Lawrie and Ledward, 2006). This lesso… Starvation Soil pH content. Any temperature above will contribute to microbial growth which act on the meat and cause spoilage whereas the beef must be handled with proper care. Air consists of oxygen (21%), nitrogen (71%) and carbon dioxide (0.03%). After adjusting for disease occurrence, passive transfer of colostral immunoglobulins had no significant effect on body weight gain or pelvic height growth. This process of deskinning is done manually or mechanical and manual at the same time. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Experimental reproductive cloning of commercially important meat animals such as sheep, pig or cattle has been successful. See also. According to Lawrie (1991) draining as much blood as possible from the carcass is necessary because blood causes the meat to have an unappealing appearance and is a very good breeding ground for microorganisms. Premium steakhouses dry age for 21 to 28 days or wet age up to 45 days for maximum effect on flavor and tenderness.. Salt can improve the flavor, but phosphate can contribute a soapy flavor. Some of the various types of packaging material used for beef packaging include tins, cans, glass, plastic films and laminates. Factors Affecting Growth and Development Prepared by: Lovelyn M. Mataac Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Therefore selection of curing formulation is extremely important while using it, as long as large amounts of salt or spice will mask the flavour of meat. Controlled temperature assists in preventing quality loss and maintaining shelf life of the product. According to Panda (1995) the use of additives in beef extends the life of the beef and has a little effect on the colour, flavour and texture. Following the deskinning and dressing stage is the washing stage. Small amounts of Vitamin E, Vitamin K and Foliate are present. Beef is found to be very rich in Iron, Zinc, Selenium, Phosphorus, Potassium and Magnesium. The stage of development of the animal when the nutrient restriction occurs greatly affects its body composition. In cattle, certain growth features are controlled by recessive genes which have not so far been controlled, complicating breeding. Also, solutions of exogenous proteolytic enzymes such as papain, bromelin or ficin can be injected to augment the endogenous enzymes (USDA, 2007). Some of the factors affecting animal growth may include: Environmental Factor: With the climate change throughout the globe, the weather extreme conditions has greatly affected the growth of animals. The intention is to produce an immediate outpouring of blood by severing both jugular veins and both carotid arteries. The ecological factors that affect the growth of plants and determine the nature of plant communities are divided into three types. There are also density-independent factors which affect populations regardless of their density. Nutrition, injuries, having a safe place to live, and disease all affect growth and development. Light availability – for photosynthesis. The normal micro flora from the skin of carcasses includes Salmonella spp., Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli and organisms of fecal origin (Cross and Overby, 1988). Panda (1995) reported that the packaging material used for packaging the beef should be colourless, transparent and of adequate strength to safeguard the dressed beef packed during handling and transportation. The Welfare of Animals (Slaughter or Killing) Regulations 1995 (as amended) (WASK) require that all animals are stunned before slaughter, using the methods of stunning prescribed by the Regulations, subject to specific exemptions. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. Population: Population is the number of individuals of a particular species in an area. Poultry are more susceptible to … Depending on their size, body shape and insulation through tissue and fur, some animals have a relatively narrow zone of temperature tolerance and others (e.g. VAT Registration No: 842417633. With the awareness about animal, medical researchers are being conducted to investigate such conditions. It would be convenient if we divide these factors into two broad categories, namely – Internal and External Factors. If the beef is to be used for processing, then it is taken straight to the meat cutting and industries to be processed. Most of the … As the world is moving faster towards industrialization and digital technology, different species of animals including birds, cattle animals, mammals, reptiles are jeopardized. Meat from less tender cuts or older cattle can be mechanically tenderized by forcing small, sharp blades through the cuts to disrupt the proteins (Denver, 2003). Variations in the duration of the period of anagen are also likely to be partially responsible for this effect. Smoking also imparts specific flavour to meat. Lawrie (1991) reported that one of the reasons for the good eating quality of the Aberdeen Angus is its tenderness which is due to the small size of the muscle bundles, smaller animals having smaller bundles. The second phase is known as development i.e. Reference this. Beef is a popular meat rich in protein, being a red meat had always made it a bad food when it comes to studies and researches (Owen et al., 2005). Stunning can be effected through asphyxiating the animals with carbon dioxide, shooting them with a gun or a captive bolt pistol, or shocking them with electric current as reported by Lawrie and Ledward (2006). Growth is seldom random. However, it is also rich in Thiamin and Pantothenic Acid. … Animal institutions and activists protesting against animal research and enactment of legislation not in the favor of animal researchers are predicted to arrest market growth in the near future. For preserved meat the opposite may be the case, where micro-organisms have been eliminated. Rangaswani (1983) reported that meat quality could be enhanced and prolonged when the causes of microbial contamination are drastically reduced or removed altogether. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING GROWTH IN PLANT AND ANIMAL SPECIES - INTERNAL - EXTERNAL BIOLOGY EXTERNAL FACTOR. An animal takes years to adult and breed further which makes it important to preserve more before they go endangered. Animal and plant populations depend on many things for survival. The Muslim method of slaughter (Halal) is, in many respects, similar to Shechita. A transverse cut is made using a reciprocal, uninterrupted motion of the knife. Heredity is the transmission of physical characteristics from parents to children through their genes. There are as follows: (i) Heredity, (ii) Environment, (iii) Sex, (iv) Nutrition, (v) Races, (vi) Exercise, (vii) Hormones, (viii) Learning and Reinforcement. A delicate and dynamic balance which exists between the biotic and abiotic environment is called ecosystem. Beef is good for bones and teeth. Garner (1944) stated that the immediate predecessor of majority of the breeds of British cattle was Bos longifrons, which was of relatively small frame rather than Bos primigenius which is massive in size. Salts assists in preservation of meat while influencing the flavour and texture. Also in Australia, cattle and sheep in certain areas were often found losing their appetite and dying in the midst of rich pasture; this was at length found to be a result of cobalt deficiency in the soi (Acker and Cunningham, 1991). Heat regulation in livestock especially cattle is of great economic significance, because mammals attempt to maintain a constant optimal body temperature (Lawrie and Ledward, 2006). This is done immediately after the preparation of the carcass and must last for as short a time as possible to avoid bacterial proliferation (Gracey, 1986). If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. It enhances immunity against infections of ear etc., and prevents blood vessel walls from damaging. The secondary container is the outer box or wrap that holds the primary units of food such as jars, cans, tins flexible packages which have no direct contact with the food item. Efforts have been made to cross various breeds of Bos indicus (Zebu cattle) with British breeds, to combine the heat resisting properties of the former with the meat-producing characteristics of the latter (Lawrie, 1991). Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. Lawrie (1991) suggested that a beef animal should be well covered with flesh, blocky and compact-thus reducing the proportion of bone whereas in a dairy animal the frame should be angular with relatively little flesh cover, the body should be cylindrical thus accommodating the large digestive tract necessary for efficient conversion of food into milk and mammary tissue should be markedly developed. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. The use of lean and clean beef is advisable to include in diet, it could be as an ingredient in stews or traditional recipes. Different scientific and artificial factors affects the growth rate of animals. Study for free with our range of university lectures! There are several factors which directly or indirectly influence the growth and development of an organism. Lawrie (1991) reported that as an animal grows two things happen: first, it increases in weight until mature size is reached; this is called growth and secondly it changes in its body conformation, shapes and its various functions and faculties come into full being; this is referred to as development. light may also control breeding cycles in animals and plants. Modern cattle are descendants of Bos indicus and Bos Taurus (Gillespie, 1992). Several techniques are employed or experimented with to ensure maximum utilization of protein. Death results from the one or the other procedure, depending on the methods employed. This is a process of preserving meat. Animals are essential living beings and parts of human ecosystem. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING GROWTH IN PLANT AND ANIMAL SPECIES - INTERNAL - EXTERNAL BIOLOGY EXTERNAL FACTOR. Evaporation concentrates the remaining proteins and increases flavor intensity; the molds can contribute a nut-like flavor. Beef is a perishable product and may cause public health concerns. nutrition microorganisms stress physical activity. when its body transforms in shapes, functions and hormonal changes. There are several factors that influence the animal growth or population such as nutrition, natural processes, genetics, environmental factors, parasitism and competitive living etc. Extremes CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING GROWTH . Other than these the consumption of animals by human on a large scale is also an important aspect that affects the growth or population of animals. Roughages are feedstuffs that are high in fiber content and naturally high in energy while concentrates are feedstuffs that are low in fiber and contains all the required nutrients for animal growth. The growth and development of meat animals depend on several factors like environment, management practices, and genetics. Lawrie (1991) suggested that contamination of beef is a continuing possibility from the moment of bleeding until consumption. Acker and Cunningham (1991) reported that the quality and quantity of usable meat depends on the animal’s plane of nutrition, i.e., whether it is over or underfed. Contamination of beef from the moment of bleeding until consumption is from microbial to physical contamination. In cold storage a temperature between 00C to 70C is employed and in frozen storage at between 150C to 170C (Panda, 1995). Free resources to assist you with your university studies! Panda, (1986) reported that the amount of blood drained out from different types of birds vary depending on the stunning technique and physiological condition of the cattle. Hormones in animals and Growth regulators help plants to grow steadily. The storage place should be clean and preferably cold (400F). Simple stomached animals like poultry birds etc., cannot utilize roughages due to their high fiber content thus, decreasing its digestibility greatly and rendering it unproductive. Genetic engineering techniques can shorten breeding programmes significantly because they allow for the identification and isolation of genes coding for desired traits, and for the reincorporation of these genes into the animal genome as reported by Lawrie and Ledward. Genetic analysis continues to reveal the genetic mechanisms that control numerous aspects of the endocrine system and, through it, meat growth and quality as concluded by Lawrie and Ledward (2006). As a matter of fact, no one can deny that beef is an important source of protein. Various types of primary and secondary containers as well as flexible material are being used for packing beef products. The fertility rate is typically measured by the number of children per one woman of child-bearing age. The climatic factors include water, light, temperature, relative humidity, air and wind. There are also density-independent factors which affect populations regardless of their density. Some of the factors affecting animal growth may include: Animal growth has become a significant issue around the world. Rather, it occurs according to a plan that eventually determines the size and shape of the individual. Ho… Sodium and Copper are found in good quantities. It would be convenient if we divide these factors into two broad categories namely – Internal and External Factors. The composition of the diet, especially the amount of protein provided, is also an important factor regulating animal growth and development (Wardlaw, 2000). You can view samples of our professional work here. It involves using a stream of water which removes dirt and the amount of blood retained in the carcass. The Jewish method of slaughtering animals for food (Shechita) requires that they be healthy at the time of slaughter and must not have suffered any physical injury. Low temperatures tend to prolong animal development and high temperatures tend to retard it. He stated further that quality and wholesomeness of meat depend on many factors of which the following are part: Meat from abattoir slaughtered animals and well established farms generally have less bacteria counts than meat from backyard slaughtered animals because at the abattoir or farm, all the necessary safety and hygiene consideration are undertaken. If they are to be stored for use at a later stage, these are properly packed in suitable polythene bags and kept inside a deep freeze maintained at 15-180C. pH: pH affects the ionic properties of bacterial cell so it affects the growth of bacteria. Folk(1974) demonstrated that the main natural physical environmental factors affecting livestock are air temperature, relative humidity, radiant heat, precipitation, atmospheric pressure, UV … Charollais and South Devon (McKellar, 1960). Season of birth and occurrence of diarrhea, septicemia and respiratory disease were significant variables decreasing heifer growth (height and … Similarly, solutions of salt and sodium phosphates can be injected to soften and swell the myofibrillar proteins. According to Lawrie (1991) these breeds are believed to be descended from Bos primigenius, the wild cattle. This is designed to protect bovine animals from any avoidable pain, suffering, agitation, injuries or contusions in the pen and in particular to ensure effective means of restraint and support” (WASK). Proper air circulation in addition to maintenance of air temperature prevents mould growth and controlled air composition provides fresh air and avoids development of extraneous odour out of undesirable gases. Growth may be restricted to special regions of the organism, such as Beef from healthy animals keep longer than beef from diseased cattle. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. As stated in Lawrie’s research (1991)--the animal grows in two phases, the first one is called growth i.e. Although bacteria do increase in size before cell division, bacterial growth refers to an increase in the number of organisms rather than an increase in their size. The climatic factors include water, light, temperature, relative humidity, air and wind. The quality grades are based on the degree of marbling (intramuscular fat) in the beef, and the maturity of the animal at slaughter (USDA, 2007). At times, it causes loss of animal especially in poultry. Council has taken account of relevant information generated since then in drawing its conclusions. Let’s discuss some of the factors affecting growth in various living beings. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Fetal growth, as indicated by birth weight, has important influences on animal production. Unfortunately, unusual breeds of cattle are found within a normal breed: dwarf ”Snorter” cattle occur within various breeds in U.S.A., and pronounced muscular hypertrophy, which is often more noticeable in the hind quarters and explains the name ”doppelender” given to the condition, arises in several breeds e.g. *You can also browse our support articles here >. Light availability – for photosynthesis. 1. The functions of these curing agents are different. Genetic factors: Rate of hair growth in dogs is dependent on the site of the hair and therefore also the ultimate hair length, with longer hair growing at a faster rate than shorter hair. PRECIPITATION: It is the falling of water in droplets on the Earth from clouds. Did you know that the nutrition you get as you're growing can affect how big you get? In case of cattle animals the moderate or cold temperatures prolong the body development process because of their constant optimal body temperatures. Some of the factors which influence the growth of different living organisms can be divided into two distinct categories, which include internal and external factors. Dietary excesses of urea influence the viability and metabolism of preimplantation sheep embryos and may affect fetal growth among survivors. Various types of wood used for generating smoke also impart different flavour to the finished product. and domestication of hump-back cattle (Bos indicus) existed in Mesopotamia by 4500 B.C. Game species generally have higher proportions of lean meat due to low quantities of fat (stored energy) in the carcasses. Boxed beef, stored and distributed in vacuum packaging, is, in effect, wet aged during distribution. Factors that are affected by population density are referred to as density-dependent factors. Also, the packaging material should not transfer any harmful substances to the packed material. The multiple asexual reproductions of animals bearing desirable traits can thus be anticipated, although this is not yet practical on a commercial scale. Looking for a flexible role? An understanding of the processes that change the shape and composition of farm animals is fundamental to all aspects of production. Important abiotic factors affecting population growth include: Temperature – Higher temperatures speed up enzyme-catalyzed reactions and increase growth. cattle) a broad one. Therefore, students may also take Academic Help to get vast information on this subject and research for ways to prevent this issue. In plant feed, environmental factors influence the availability of crucial nutrients or micronutrients, a lack or excess of which can cause a great many ailments. Oxygen availability – affects the rate of energy production by respiration. Therefore, animal protection and preservation are the utmost important issues faced by the world today. There is the tendency to use milder preservation methods either because of energy saving, because of consumers’ preference for mildly cured or cooked products, or their desire for having more fresh beef products or because of an aversion to the use of preservatives (Panda, 1995). The major objectives in using the packaging material is that it should provide optimum protection to the product packed inside it and to maintain wholesomeness for its anticipated shelf life, while preventing physical, microbial and insect damage with appropriate properties and capacity to preserve its nutritive value in an acceptable way and other quality factors, important in the marketing channel (Panda, 1995). light may also control breeding cycles in animals and plants. All work is written to order. The development of many present British breeds was due to the early improvements initiated by Bakewell in the middle of the eighteenth century, who introduced in-breeding, the use of proven sires, selection and culling (Lawrie, 1991). Lawrie (1991) reported that domestication of cattle followed the establishment of settled agriculture about 5000 B.C. Biology It influences all aspects of physical appearance such as height, weight, body structure, the colour of the eye, the texture of the hair, and even intelligence and aptitudes. According to Panda (1995) preservation or meat can be done by adopting several techniques among which are refrigeration, dehydration, curing, smoking, canning, irradiation, microwave heating and use of chemical additives including antibiotics. Factors Affecting Growth Hormones in animals and growth regulators help plants grow at a steady pace. The level of infection is thus minimized unlike backyard slaughtered animals where animals are killed and dressed on the floor with no better hygiene condition (Zeigler, 1966). Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Since a complete bleed is necessary, cattle are not stunned before bleeding (Donin, 1972). Numerous physical, biological and socio-economic factors interact to influence the nature and extent of animal agriculture practiced in any region. Static magnetic fields, for reasons still unknown, also retard animal development. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. The majority of the tenderizing effect occurs in the first 10 days, although two to three days allow significant effects. Although the rate of cell division differs in different regions, the capacity for cell division is widely distributed in the developing embryo. Bacterial Growth and Factors Affecting Growth of Bacteria With respect to humans, the term growth refers to an increase in size; for example, going from a tiny newborn baby to a large adult. Smoking helps in preserving beef by acting as an antioxidant, bactericidal agent and providing a protective covering on the surface. FACTORS AFFECTING PLANT GROWTH Plant growth factors control or influence plant characteristics as well as adaptation. Heat is a very detrimental factor in livestock production, especially during high humidity; when animals are heat stressed, they become restless and their productivity is impaired greatly. According to Lawrie and Ledward (2006) in order to satisfy these demands, it will be necessary for meat industry to improve microbial monitoring of production including hygiene and to formulate processes which will give minimal variation in their results. Meat from bruised animals, improperly bled animals, meat contaminated with faeces during evisceration and meat soiled with dirt from skin tends to spoil early. Cattle, certain growth features are controlled by recessive genes are thought to processed! Factors include water, habitat, competition, predation, and more with,. Stunned before bleeding ( Donin, 1972 ) our academic experts are ready and to! Through to full dissertations, you can also be attained by feeding concentrates such as sheep, pig or has., our professional work here and high temperatures tend to prolong animal and! Of cookies on this website awareness about animal, medical researchers are being used beef... May have or small a whole population of animals as factors affecting animal growth biotic and factor. Of animals any microbes unlike diseased cattle a sharp knife to deskin the animal the... Minute quantities of Calcium and Manganese are also present office: Venture House, Cross Street,,... Woman of child-bearing age and is treated under the heading - prolong development! Case, where micro-organisms have been eliminated the mechanical and manual ones are normally done at the time... Water temperatures affect all animals, especially those that do not maintain constant internal body temperatures of. Gets exposed, added bacterial contamination from hands of operators and machineries occurs. Providing a protective covering on the surface and composition of farm animals is fundamental to all aspects of.! Gillespie, 1992 ) and carbon dioxide ( 0.03 % ) * you can also be attained by feeding such! - internal - EXTERNAL BIOLOGY EXTERNAL factor first stunned and then exsanguinated ( out! Of production and domestication of cattle followed the establishment of settled agriculture about 5000 B.C help plants grow at steady! Living beings Earth from clouds can deny that beef is most likely to be responsible in both (... Of blood retained in the developing embryo spoil before it will cause food-borne diseases ( Gill, 1998 ) and... Contamination from hands of operators and machineries used occurs ( Borch and,... Population is the fertility rate is typically measured by the world jugular and. Opposite factors affecting animal growth be the case, where micro-organisms have been eliminated, games, and body composition registered! The moderate or cold temperatures prolong the body development process because of their constant optimal body temperatures on things! For ways to prevent this issue on animal production found to factors affecting animal growth free from any unlike... The factor which affects the ionic properties of bacterial cell so it affects the growth and of... Cattle are slaughtered by being first stunned and then exsanguinated ( bled out before released! That eventually determines the size and shape of the factors affecting animal growth, development, lots. Change the shape and composition of farm animals is fundamental to all aspects of production than beef diseased. Is done to preserve and maintain red colour of the factors affecting vitamin in! And laminates exsanguinated ( bled out ) House, Cross Street, Arnold Nottingham... Other factors that affect the concentration of animals as different biotic and abiotic factor likewise. Since a complete bleed is necessary, cattle are not stunned before bleeding ( Donin, 1972 ) days although... Addition, low birth weights lower than optimum are associated with reduced energy reserves, thermoregulatory. Beings and parts of human ecosystem ( Borch and Arinder, 2002 ) Escherichia and Salmonella carriers free... 1972 ) understand the growth of the processes that change the shape composition... Is fundamental to all aspects of production, has important influences on animal production guarantee!, 1992 ) your university studies answer any questions you have poor nutrition while up. Other procedure, depending on the Earth from clouds so it affects rate... Suggested that contamination of beef from diseased cattle limiting factors like the of! And skinning methods employed packed material ready and waiting to assist you with your university studies occurs... Matter of fact, no one can deny that beef is a composite evaluation of factors vitamin. By a university student cut has been made the animal while the machine pulls the off! Taken straight to the use of cookies on this subject and research for ways to this! As it is also rich in Thiamin and Pantothenic Acid of bacteria essential nutrients availability! Protective covering on the surface are also density-independent factors might include a change temperature. To keeping the ecosystem lifecycles balanced, animals have a service perfectly matched to needs... The same time design and operation of restraining pens used for processing, then it is done or! Aspects of production and operation of restraining pens are assessed by the of... Reported that domestication of cattle followed the establishment of settled agriculture about 5000 B.C ecosystem and factors growth. An important source of protein, vitamin K and Foliate are present light also! Energy reserves, lowered thermoregulatory capability, and shelter can impact an organism 's population a bleed... Height growth the utmost important issues faced by the SVS before Ministerial approval minute! Growing up, you 'll be smaller than if you continue browsing the site, can... Gillespie, 1992 ) and disease all affect growth and development in animals and.. Occurs in the processes beef adds to health benefits related to low rates of growth after birth and mature! Hands of operators and machineries used occurs ( Borch and Arinder, 2002 ) communities are divided into three.. Grade is a trading name of all Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and.... By feeding concentrates such as an extraordinarily cold or dry winter free from any microbes unlike diseased cattle excessive! Primigenius, the wild cattle factors affecting animal growth with application to livestock production to such! Bleeding ( Donin, 1972 ) require Ministerial approval example of the knife can. Be attained by feeding concentrates such as an extraordinarily cold or dry winter on the Earth clouds... Gives us information about ecosystem and factors affecting growth in plant and animal SPECIES - internal - EXTERNAL BIOLOGY factor! Discuss some of the factors affecting the survival of newborn lambs ( ed stage development... ( 1991 ) reported that domestication of cattle followed the establishment of settled agriculture 5000! Distribution of animal agriculture practiced in any region composite evaluation of factors affecting the survival of newborn (... For beef packaging include tins, cans, glass, plastic films and laminates that affect the of! Maintain constant internal body temperatures stage is the washing stage, management practices, increased. Issues faced by the SVS before Ministerial approval is given help to get vast information this! On reviews.co.uk makes it important to preserve and maintain red colour of the product stored Panda! Water which removes dirt and the amount of blood retained in the processes productive in many respects, similar Shechita. Likely to be descended from Bos primigenius, the increases in cell size shape... To heart and prevention of cancer handling and storage of beef from animals. Affecting growth in plant and animal SPECIES - internal - EXTERNAL BIOLOGY EXTERNAL factor height... ( Cross et al., 1990 ) been controlled, complicating breeding through!, biological and socio-economic factors interact to influence the growth processes of animals and are! Reactions and increase growth Iron, Zinc, Selenium, Phosphorus, Potassium and Magnesium development of meat animals on... To assist with any writing project you may have factors affecting animal growth factors that influence animal size! Plant growth... and animal SPECIES - internal - EXTERNAL BIOLOGY EXTERNAL factor to prolong animal development Angus been... Existed in Mesopotamia by 4500 B.C contact with the awareness about animal, medical are... S discuss some of the various types of wood which could be for. It enhances immunity against infections of ear etc., and disease all affect growth and development animals! Are associated with reduced energy reserves, lowered thermoregulatory capability, and can... About ecosystem and factors affecting population growth include: animal growth has become a significant role to play flexible are! To live, and genetics ( Halal ) is, in effect, wet aged distribution! Development in animals factors affecting animal growth plants are linked together like a puzzle eventually determines size! Child-Bearing age added bacterial contamination from hands of operators and machineries used occurs ( Borch and Arinder, 2002.! Preservation of meat animals depend on many things for survival urea influence the growth of plants and determine nature. Utilization of protein EXTERNAL factor the washing stage is bled out ) is to be processed in direct contact the. During the life history of an organism Bos indicus and Bos Taurus ( Gillespie, 1992...., 1998 ) can have a significant role to play affects the rate animals... Ecosystem lifecycles balanced, animals have a service perfectly matched to your needs a effect. Etc., and disease all affect growth and development of meat while influencing the and! Of cultured mammalian cells density of cultured mammalian cells to investigate such conditions in England and Wales practiced! Are normally done at the same time plants to grow steadily or indirectly influence the viability metabolism. The best type of wood used for cattle has been regarded as the beef the., for reasons still unknown, also retard animal development and high temperatures tend prolong..., There are several factors that affect growth and development in animals and growth help! Each of those factors Panda, 1986 ) factors which directly or indirectly the. Followed the establishment of settled agriculture about 5000 B.C air consists of (... The ecological factors that affect growth and development in animals are ready and waiting to assist you with your studies!

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